APA 6th Edition Markowski, P. (2015). Magnetic component design. Transformers Magazine, 2 (1), 66-72. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/182934
MLA 8th Edition Markowski, Peter. "Magnetic component design." Transformers Magazine, vol. 2, br. 1, 2015, str. 66-72. https://hrcak.srce.hr/182934. Citirano 24.11.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition Markowski, Peter. "Magnetic component design." Transformers Magazine 2, br. 1 (2015): 66-72. https://hrcak.srce.hr/182934
Harvard Markowski, P. (2015). 'Magnetic component design', Transformers Magazine, 2(1), str. 66-72. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/182934 (Datum pristupa: 24.11.2020.)
Vancouver Markowski P. Magnetic component design. Transformers Magazine [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 24.11.2020.];2(1):66-72. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/182934
IEEE P. Markowski, "Magnetic component design", Transformers Magazine, vol.2, br. 1, str. 66-72, 2015. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/182934. [Citirano: 24.11.2020.]
Sažetak AC currents in multiple layers in the transformer window can increase copper losses significantly due to the proximity effect. Traditionally used Dowell’s curves show that the phenomenon starts at copper thickness as low as 1/5 of the skin depth which is just 1.7 mm at 60 Hz. Many designs deviate from assumptions beyond Dowell’s solution, which leads to suboptimal design. Finite Element Analysis software allows accurate modelling of high frequency phenomenon but is still considered too tedious to use and requires expert operators for accurate results. New generation products like EMS from EMWorks combine powerful simulation capabilities with easy to use interface appropriate for hands-on engineers in everyday use.