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https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/18.3.1926

Environmental impact assessment of chemical plant protection in intensive crop production

Małgorzata HOLKA   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-4192-8863 ; Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences, Department of Agricultural Systems, Bukowska Street 19, 60-809 Poznań, Poland

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (559 KB) str. 529-541 preuzimanja: 347* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
HOLKA, M. (2017). Environmental impact assessment of chemical plant protection in intensive crop production. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 18 (3), 529-541. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/18.3.1926
MLA 8th Edition
HOLKA, Małgorzata. "Environmental impact assessment of chemical plant protection in intensive crop production." Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol. 18, br. 3, 2017, str. 529-541. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/18.3.1926. Citirano 23.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
HOLKA, Małgorzata. "Environmental impact assessment of chemical plant protection in intensive crop production." Journal of Central European Agriculture 18, br. 3 (2017): 529-541. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/18.3.1926
Harvard
HOLKA, M. (2017). 'Environmental impact assessment of chemical plant protection in intensive crop production', Journal of Central European Agriculture, 18(3), str. 529-541. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/18.3.1926
Vancouver
HOLKA M. Environmental impact assessment of chemical plant protection in intensive crop production. Journal of Central European Agriculture [Internet]. 2017 [pristupljeno 23.10.2021.];18(3):529-541. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/18.3.1926
IEEE
M. HOLKA, "Environmental impact assessment of chemical plant protection in intensive crop production", Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol.18, br. 3, str. 529-541, 2017. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/18.3.1926

Sažetak
The study aimed to assess the environmental impact of chemical plant protection on the environment in an intensive crop production. This was conducted in a large-scale farm, located in the Wielkopolska voivodeship (Poland), in the years 2010-2013. The greatest number of chemical plant protection treatments were carried out for root crops and the lowest number for annual fodder crops (approximately 4 and 2 treatments, respectively). On average, there were carried out 3 chemical protection treatments for one plant species. The largest quantities of active substances were used in protection of root crops (5.72 kg·ha-1), followed by annual fodder crops (2.97 kg·ha-1), and smaller ones in oilseed crops (2.63 kg·ha-1) and cereals (2.44 kg·ha-1). The average consumption of active substances was 2.68 kg·ha-1. The most consumed were herbicides and fungicides. The average value of the multi-criteria index of the impact of plant protection on the environment amounted to -63.9 points. The lowest value of the index, indicating the most negative impact, was found for protection of root crops (-135.3 points), followed by annual fodder crops (-100 points). While the highest index value, resulting from smaller use of toxic substances, had oilseed crops (-54 points) and cereals (-62.4 points). The environmental impact of chemical plant protection was mainly related to a high risk of volatilisation into the atmosphere, followed by leakage into groundwater and a risk of surface water contamination. The threat of bioaccumulation of substances in living organisms was smaller.

Ključne riječi
environmental impact; intensive crop production; plant protection products; potential toxicity index

Hrčak ID: 186470

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/186470

[poljski]

Posjeta: 571 *