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Effects of Volcanic Eruptions on Environment and Health

Eugenija Žuškin
Jadranka Mustajbegović
Jagoda Doko Jelinić
Jasna Pucarin-Cvetković
Milan Milošević

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (78 KB) str. 479-486 preuzimanja: 2.618* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Žuškin, E., Mustajbegović, J., Doko Jelinić, J., Pucarin-Cvetković, J. i Milošević, M. (2007). Učinci vulkanskih erupcija na okoliš i zdravlje. Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 58 (4), 479-486.
MLA 8th Edition
Žuškin, Eugenija, et al. "Učinci vulkanskih erupcija na okoliš i zdravlje." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol. 58, br. 4, 2007, str. 479-486. Citirano 28.02.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Žuškin, Eugenija, Jadranka Mustajbegović, Jagoda Doko Jelinić, Jasna Pucarin-Cvetković i Milan Milošević. "Učinci vulkanskih erupcija na okoliš i zdravlje." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju 58, br. 4 (2007): 479-486.
Žuškin, E., et al. (2007). 'Učinci vulkanskih erupcija na okoliš i zdravlje', Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 58(4), str. 479-486.
Žuškin E, Mustajbegović J, Doko Jelinić J, Pucarin-Cvetković J, Milošević M. Učinci vulkanskih erupcija na okoliš i zdravlje. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. [Internet]. 2007 [pristupljeno 28.02.2020.];58(4):479-486.
E. Žuškin, J. Mustajbegović, J. Doko Jelinić, J. Pucarin-Cvetković i M. Milošević, "Učinci vulkanskih erupcija na okoliš i zdravlje", Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol.58, br. 4, str. 479-486, 2007. [Online].

Volcanoes pose a threat to almost half a billion people; today there are approximately 500 active volcanoes on Earth, and every year there are 10 to 40 volcanic eruptions. Volcanic eruptions produce hazardous effects for the environment, climate, and the health of the exposed persons, and are associated with the deterioration of social and economic conditions. Along with magma and steam (H2O), the following gases surface in the environment: carbon dioxide (CO2) and sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen sulphide (H2S), carbon sulphide (CS), carbon disulfide (CS2), hydrogen chloride (HCl), hydrogen (H2), methane (CH4), hydrogen fluoride (HF), hydrogen bromide (HBr) and various organic compounds, as well as heavy metals (mercury, lead, gold). Their unfavourable effects depend on the distance from a volcano, on magma viscosity, and on gas concentrations. The hazards closer to the volcano include pyroclastic flows, flows of mud, gases and steam, earthquakes, blasts of air, and tsunamis. Among the hazards in distant areas are the effects of toxic volcanic ashes and problems of the respiratory system, eyes and skin, as well as psychological effects, injuries, transport and communication problems, waste disposal and water supplies issues, collapse of buildings and power outage. Further effects are the deterioration of water quality, fewer periods of rain, crop damages, and the destruction of vegetation. During volcanic eruptions and their immediate aftermath, increased respiratory system morbidity has been observed as well as mortality among those affected by volcanic eruptions. Unfavourable health effects could partly be prevented by timely application of safety measures.

Ključne riječi
electron microscopy; engineered nanomaterials; risk assessment; toxicity testing

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