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State Emigration Service from 1918 To 1941: Organization and Activities of the Bodies Situated in Zagreb

Rajka Bućin   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-8237-1945 ; Hrvatski državni arhiv, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (204 KB) str. 37-60 preuzimanja: 409* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Bućin, R. (2017). Državna iseljenička služba od 1918. do 1941. godine: Ustroj i djelatnost tijela sa sjedištem u Zagrebu. Arhivski vjesnik, 60 (1), 37-60. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/194719
MLA 8th Edition
Bućin, Rajka. "Državna iseljenička služba od 1918. do 1941. godine: Ustroj i djelatnost tijela sa sjedištem u Zagrebu." Arhivski vjesnik, vol. 60, br. 1, 2017, str. 37-60. https://hrcak.srce.hr/194719. Citirano 27.07.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Bućin, Rajka. "Državna iseljenička služba od 1918. do 1941. godine: Ustroj i djelatnost tijela sa sjedištem u Zagrebu." Arhivski vjesnik 60, br. 1 (2017): 37-60. https://hrcak.srce.hr/194719
Harvard
Bućin, R. (2017). 'Državna iseljenička služba od 1918. do 1941. godine: Ustroj i djelatnost tijela sa sjedištem u Zagrebu', Arhivski vjesnik, 60(1), str. 37-60. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/194719 (Datum pristupa: 27.07.2021.)
Vancouver
Bućin R. Državna iseljenička služba od 1918. do 1941. godine: Ustroj i djelatnost tijela sa sjedištem u Zagrebu. Arhivski vjesnik [Internet]. 2017 [pristupljeno 27.07.2021.];60(1):37-60. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/194719
IEEE
R. Bućin, "Državna iseljenička služba od 1918. do 1941. godine: Ustroj i djelatnost tijela sa sjedištem u Zagrebu", Arhivski vjesnik, vol.60, br. 1, str. 37-60, 2017. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/194719. [Citirano: 27.07.2021.]

Sažetak
In the period between two world wars important emigration bodies and organizations relevant for the whole Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later: Kingdom of Yugoslavia) were situated in Zagreb, in the territory of Croatia. The whole set of administrative bodies in charge of emigration issues was usually called he state emigration service. The state emigration service was developing gradually after 1918, through the period of several years, finally getting two important parts, one in Zagreb, and another in Belgrade. The service in Zagreb began its activities after the war in the frames of the Land Government for Croatia and Slavonia, by the foundation of the Commission for the Social Affairs, which contained Emigration Department (1920–1921), being succeeded by the Emigration Department of the Regional Administration for Croatia and Slavonia (1921–1922), General Emigration Commissariat (1922–1923) and finally Emigration Commissariat (1923–1939). Their jurisdiction was covering the territory of the whole state. The argumentation of Artur Benko Grado, who was the head of the Emigration Department in the period 1920–1922, was crucial for giving such an important role to the bodies situated in Zagreb, especially to the General Emigration Commissariat (1922–1923) and Emigration Commissariat (1923–1939). A. B. Grado influenced the main procedures obligatory in the process of emigration and the most important tasks of the state emigration service in Zagreb: gathering and processing of statistical data about emigration, legal protection of emigrants and their timely and precise informing. After Fedor Aranicki took over the management of the Emigration Commissariat in 1923 the work was gradually widened with new spectrum of aims known as the protection of emigrants and emigrant revenants: employment mediation, preservation of national identity, legal and financial help for revenants, and their colonization. New direction of the work was fully developed between 1928 and 1934, especially after 1931, when F. Aranicki took over the management of the whole state emigration service, from his new post in the Ministry of Social Welfare and Health in Belgrade. In the period after 1928 the state and private emigration service (the latter known as Association of Emigration Societies, i. e. Savez organizacija iseljenika or SORIS) are being firmly connected to achieve those goals more efficiently. The state emigration service was reorganized in 1939 when Banovina of Croatia (Banovina Hrvatska) was founded. The whole set of tasks related to other administrative units of the Kingdom were then transferred to the Ministry of Social Welfare in Belgrade. The Emigration Division of the Department for Social Welfare of the Banovina of Croatia preserved the same tasks for its territory. The whole system collapsed with the beginning of the WWII, and the emigration process, which was firstly just disturbed, was soon almost completely stopped.

Ključne riječi
emigration; state emigration service; Emigration Division; Commission for the Social Affairs of the Land Government for Croatia and Slavonia; Department for Social Welfare of the Regional Administration for Croatia and Slavonia; General Emigration Commissariat; Emigration Commissariat; Department for Social Welfare of the Banovina of Croatia; Artur Benko Grado; Fedor Aranicki; Milostislav Bartulica

Hrčak ID: 194719

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/194719

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 785 *