hrcak mascot   Srce   HID

Izvorni znanstveni članak

Residents' perception of tourism impacts in Kilimanjaro: An integration of the Social Exchange Theory

Dev Jani   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-3760-6714 ; University of Dar-es-Salaam Business School, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (128 KB) str. 148-160 preuzimanja: 319* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Jani, D. (2018). Residents' perception of tourism impacts in Kilimanjaro: An integration of the Social Exchange Theory. Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 66 (2), 148-160. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/202744
MLA 8th Edition
Jani, Dev. "Residents' perception of tourism impacts in Kilimanjaro: An integration of the Social Exchange Theory." Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, vol. 66, br. 2, 2018, str. 148-160. https://hrcak.srce.hr/202744. Citirano 22.09.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Jani, Dev. "Residents' perception of tourism impacts in Kilimanjaro: An integration of the Social Exchange Theory." Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal 66, br. 2 (2018): 148-160. https://hrcak.srce.hr/202744
Harvard
Jani, D. (2018). 'Residents' perception of tourism impacts in Kilimanjaro: An integration of the Social Exchange Theory', Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 66(2), str. 148-160. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/202744 (Datum pristupa: 22.09.2020.)
Vancouver
Jani D. Residents' perception of tourism impacts in Kilimanjaro: An integration of the Social Exchange Theory. Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 22.09.2020.];66(2):148-160. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/202744
IEEE
D. Jani, "Residents' perception of tourism impacts in Kilimanjaro: An integration of the Social Exchange Theory", Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, vol.66, br. 2, str. 148-160, 2018. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/202744. [Citirano: 22.09.2020.]

Sažetak
This study aimed at examining residents' perception of tourism impacts around Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest point in Africa. Using the Social Exchange Theory as an overarching theory, economic benefits, involvement in planning and contact with tourists were used to group the residents and their perceptions compared. A structured questionnaire was in collecting data from 160 conveniently selected residents around Mount Kilimanjaro. Mann-Whitney tests were used to appraise significant differences in residents' perception between groups. The results indicate residents who derive economic benefits from tourism, having direct contact with tourists, and those who participate in tourism planning to have relatively more positive perception of tourism impacts. The findings support to the Social Exchange theory and subsumed theories under it including Dependency, Contact hypothesis, and Power/Empowerment theories. The study findings offers practical implications to Destination Management Organizations in planning and interacting with the tourists as well as finding avenues for residents to benefits economically, socially, and environmentally from tourism, and thus alleviate the rampant poverty in the areas around the mountain. Unlike previous studies this study integrated different theories in understanding residents' perception of tourism impacts. Contextually, this study reveals findings in a relatively less researched area in Africa.

Ključne riječi
residents' perception; contact; dependency; empowerment; social exchange; Tanzania

Hrčak ID: 202744

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/202744

Posjeta: 514 *