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Professional paper

Researches in the cave Muda labudova 2016. - 2017.

Lovel Kukuljan   ORCID icon ; Speleological associations Estavela, Kastav, Croatia
Goran Rnjak   ORCID icon ; Speleological department CMS Sv. Mihovil, Šibenik, Croatia

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (3 MB) pages 8-19 downloads: 311* cite
APA 6th Edition
Kukuljan, L. & Rnjak, G. (2017). Istraživanja u jami Muda labudova 2016. - 2017.. Speleolog, 65 (1), 8-19. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Kukuljan, Lovel and Goran Rnjak. "Istraživanja u jami Muda labudova 2016. - 2017.." Speleolog, vol. 65, no. 1, 2017, pp. 8-19. Accessed 25 Sep. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kukuljan, Lovel and Goran Rnjak. "Istraživanja u jami Muda labudova 2016. - 2017.." Speleolog 65, no. 1 (2017): 8-19.
Kukuljan, L., and Rnjak, G. (2017). 'Istraživanja u jami Muda labudova 2016. - 2017.', Speleolog, 65(1), pp. 8-19. Available at: (Accessed 25 September 2021)
Kukuljan L, Rnjak G. Istraživanja u jami Muda labudova 2016. - 2017.. Speleolog [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2021 September 25];65(1):8-19. Available from:
L. Kukuljan and G. Rnjak, "Istraživanja u jami Muda labudova 2016. - 2017.", Speleolog, vol.65, no. 1, pp. 8-19, 2017. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 25 September 2021]

At first, Muda labudova seemed not distinct from the hundreds of Crnopac pits, being a simple shaft ending in collapses, ice, trunks and squeeze. Instinct suggested that this “scratch of the surface” is not all there is, and the cave was later explored deep enough to be the deepest pit on Crnopac for a period. The continous exploration from 2008 till 2012 didn’t result in significant passages, frequently seen in nearby Kita Gaćešina cave system. Along with depth, the physical demands increased, and as the interest waned, other objects occupied explorers. A new boost started in 2016. with discovery of passages quite near the first bivouac. Within two years, the cave was explored branching into horizontal passages on two levels, some 280 m and 550 m deep, along with easier pitches connecting them. This article gives an overview of interesting parts of the two-year exploration, primarily the exploration of Plodni kanal passage on the first level, coming as close as 30 m towards Kita Gaćešina. The second level passages Nagrada is still very much opened for exploration, beyond Jajna stanica lake. Muda labudova thus became an Croatia-wide important cave, both in depth and length.

Muda labudova; cave exploration; Crnopac

Hrčak ID: 204703



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