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https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.16.3.16

Challenges to Democracy: The Origins of Protectionist Populism in Europe

Leon Runje   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-9776-938X ; c/o Faculty of Political science at the University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (250 KB) str. 446-451 preuzimanja: 157* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Runje, L. (2018). Challenges to Democracy: The Origins of Protectionist Populism in Europe. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, 16 (3-B), 446-451. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.16.3.16
MLA 8th Edition
Runje, Leon. "Challenges to Democracy: The Origins of Protectionist Populism in Europe." Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, vol. 16, br. 3-B, 2018, str. 446-451. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.16.3.16. Citirano 17.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Runje, Leon. "Challenges to Democracy: The Origins of Protectionist Populism in Europe." Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems 16, br. 3-B (2018): 446-451. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.16.3.16
Harvard
Runje, L. (2018). 'Challenges to Democracy: The Origins of Protectionist Populism in Europe', Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, 16(3-B), str. 446-451. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.16.3.16
Vancouver
Runje L. Challenges to Democracy: The Origins of Protectionist Populism in Europe. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 17.11.2019.];16(3-B):446-451. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.16.3.16
IEEE
L. Runje, "Challenges to Democracy: The Origins of Protectionist Populism in Europe", Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, vol.16, br. 3-B, str. 446-451, 2018. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.16.3.16

Sažetak
This article posits the thesis that the development of protectionist populism in Europe has been significantly influenced by two important economic processes. The cause of the first process can be found in the collapse of the Bretton Woods system and the resulting move towards an increased mobility of capital flows. Secondly, globalization of labour is identified as the other important process behind this phenomenon. The first part of the article provides a definition of the term protectionist populism. Following this the relevance of many cultural factors in the development of protectionist populism is recognized. It is further stated that these factors are beyond the scope of this article and that its aim is primarily to show that economic factors have had an undeniable impact in their own right. Consequently, the article goes on to demonstrate how the fall of the Bretton Woods system in the 1970’s produced the liberalization of capital controls. Furthermore, the article shows how the interaction between mobile capital and globalized labour produced the “global middle class”. The article discusses the negative effects that this had on the middle class in Europe. In its final part, the link between these economic processes and the rise of populist movements in Europe is demonstrated. This is done by analysing the literature dealing with the rhetoric employed by populist parties. The article concludes by affirming the initial thesis regarding the existence of a link between the collapse of the Bretton Woods system and the globalization of the labour market with the rise of protectionist populist movements in Europe without asserting their preeminence over cultural factors.

Ključne riječi
global financial crisis; protectionism; global middle class; populism; Bretton Woods system

Hrčak ID: 206238

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/206238

Posjeta: 313 *