hrcak mascot   Srce   HID

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.26582/k.50.2.9

Strength values of shoulder internal and external rotators in junior tennis players

Tomáš Vodička ; Faculty of Sport Studies, Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic
Martin Zvonař ; Faculty of Sport Studies, Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic
Jiři Pačes ; Faculty of Sport Studies, Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic
Damir Knjaz ; Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Pavel Ružbarský ; Faculty of Sports, University of Presov, Slovak Republic
Jiří Zháněl ; Faculty of Sport Studies, Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (764 KB) str. 181-187 preuzimanja: 403* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Vodička, T., Zvonař, M., Pačes, J., Knjaz, D., Ružbarský, P. i Zháněl, J. (2018). Strength values of shoulder internal and external rotators in junior tennis players. Kinesiology, 50. (2.), 181-187. https://doi.org/10.26582/k.50.2.9
MLA 8th Edition
Vodička, Tomáš, et al. "Strength values of shoulder internal and external rotators in junior tennis players." Kinesiology, vol. 50., br. 2., 2018, str. 181-187. https://doi.org/10.26582/k.50.2.9. Citirano 25.10.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Vodička, Tomáš, Martin Zvonař, Jiři Pačes, Damir Knjaz, Pavel Ružbarský i Jiří Zháněl. "Strength values of shoulder internal and external rotators in junior tennis players." Kinesiology 50., br. 2. (2018): 181-187. https://doi.org/10.26582/k.50.2.9
Harvard
Vodička, T., et al. (2018). 'Strength values of shoulder internal and external rotators in junior tennis players', Kinesiology, 50.(2.), str. 181-187. https://doi.org/10.26582/k.50.2.9
Vancouver
Vodička T, Zvonař M, Pačes J, Knjaz D, Ružbarský P, Zháněl J. Strength values of shoulder internal and external rotators in junior tennis players. Kinesiology [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 25.10.2020.];50.(2.):181-187. https://doi.org/10.26582/k.50.2.9
IEEE
T. Vodička, M. Zvonař, J. Pačes, D. Knjaz, P. Ružbarský i J. Zháněl, "Strength values of shoulder internal and external rotators in junior tennis players", Kinesiology, vol.50., br. 2., str. 181-187, 2018. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.26582/k.50.2.9

Sažetak
Character of modern tennis game in the last decade has become significantly more dynamic, fast and powerful, which brings high strain to joint and muscular system. The aim of this research was to establish strength level of external and internal shoulder rotators, and to compare the competitive tennis players group of boys (TEN, n=10, aged 12-14 years) and boys who did not perform any sport activity at competitive level (CS, n=10, aged 12-14 years) as well as to assess lateral differences in both groups. Using isokinetic dynamometry method (Humac Norm CSMI Stoughton, MA, USA), we tested strength level of external and internal shoulder rotators (180°/s, 300°/s). The TEN and CS group are comparable from the aspects of age, body height and body weight. Comparison of isokinetic strength values in TEN and CS groups proved significantly higher strength level of external and internal rotators in both (dominant and non-dominant) extremities for the TEN group. The lateral difference assessment proved the insignificant difference in external and significant difference in internal rotators in the TEN group, and the insignificant difference in both the external and internal rotators in the CS group. A lower strength level was found in the internal rotators in comparison with the external rotators in both groups (for both the dominant and non-dominant extremity), whereas in the TEN group lower differences between the external and internal rotators of the dominant extremity were proved. Although researches on adult highly skilled tennis players refer to a higher strength level of the upper extremity internal rotators, this fact has not been pronounced in the TEN group. An ideal external/internal rotators̕ ratio in adult players is considered within the interval of 66 75%. Significantly higher values obtained in the TEN group might be attributed to lower age and also lower performance level. It can be said that the level of isokinetic strength in the TEN the group is significantly higher than in the CS group, due to the influence of long-term game and training load.

Ključne riječi
isokinetic dynamometry; glenohumeral joint; muscular dysbalances; prediction of injury

Hrčak ID: 207766

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/207766

Posjeta: 628 *