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Review article
https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.27.3.12

Optimism, Pessimism and Physical Health

Igor Kardum   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-8778-2740 ; Sveučilište u Rijeci, Filozofski fakultet, Odsjek za psihologiju, Hrvatska
Jasna Hudek-Knežević ; Sveučilište u Rijeci, Filozofski fakultet, Odsjek za psihologiju, Hrvatska
Nada Krapić ; Sveučilište u Rijeci, Filozofski fakultet, Odsjek za psihologiju, Hrvatska

Fulltext: croatian, PDF (377 KB) pages 585-611 downloads: 762* cite
APA 6th Edition
Kardum, I., Hudek-Knežević, J. & Krapić, N. (2018). Optimizam, pesimizam i tjelesno zdravlje. Psihologijske teme, 27 (3), 585-611. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.27.3.12
MLA 8th Edition
Kardum, Igor, et al. "Optimizam, pesimizam i tjelesno zdravlje." Psihologijske teme, vol. 27, no. 3, 2018, pp. 585-611. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.27.3.12. Accessed 16 Oct. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kardum, Igor, Jasna Hudek-Knežević and Nada Krapić. "Optimizam, pesimizam i tjelesno zdravlje." Psihologijske teme 27, no. 3 (2018): 585-611. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.27.3.12
Harvard
Kardum, I., Hudek-Knežević, J., and Krapić, N. (2018). 'Optimizam, pesimizam i tjelesno zdravlje', Psihologijske teme, 27(3), pp. 585-611. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.27.3.12
Vancouver
Kardum I, Hudek-Knežević J, Krapić N. Optimizam, pesimizam i tjelesno zdravlje. Psihologijske teme [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 October 16];27(3):585-611. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.27.3.12
IEEE
I. Kardum, J. Hudek-Knežević and N. Krapić, "Optimizam, pesimizam i tjelesno zdravlje", Psihologijske teme, vol.27, no. 3, pp. 585-611, 2018. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.27.3.12

Abstracts
The effects of optimism and pessimism on physical health as well as potential mechanisms through which they exert their effects are reviewed in this article. The first part includes conceptual bases of optimism and pessimism, their measurement and measurement problems. Further, the most important empirical results about the effects of optimism and pessimism on mortality and other specific indices of physical health are shown. The relationships of optimism and pessimism with physical health indices in patients with HIV/AIDS are reviewed in more detail. Several potential mechanisms through which optimism and pessimism may affect physical health are described: cardiovascular reactivity, immune changes, health behaviors, stressful experience and coping with stress. Finally, some important theoretical and methodological problems of research on the relationship between optimism, pessimism and physical health are presented.

Keywords
optimism; pessimism; physical health; health behaviors

Hrčak ID: 212677

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/212677

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