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Technical gazette, Vol. 25 No. 6, 2018

Review article
https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20171021131845

Planning of Active Distribution Networks in Croatia

Rene Prenc   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-0579-5522 ; Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka, Studentska ulica 2, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
Ivan Strnad   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-4706-2113 ; Pro Integris Ltd, Oreškovićeva 8J, 10010 Zagreb, Croatia
Vinko Tomas ; Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka, Studentska ulica 2, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (1 MB) pages 1867-1878 downloads: 94* cite
APA 6th Edition
Prenc, R., Strnad, I. & Tomas, V. (2018). Planning of Active Distribution Networks in Croatia. Tehnički vjesnik, 25 (6), 1867-1878. https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20171021131845
MLA 8th Edition
Prenc, Rene, et al. "Planning of Active Distribution Networks in Croatia." Tehnički vjesnik, vol. 25, no. 6, 2018, pp. 1867-1878. https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20171021131845. Accessed 24 May 2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Prenc, Rene, Ivan Strnad and Vinko Tomas. "Planning of Active Distribution Networks in Croatia." Tehnički vjesnik 25, no. 6 (2018): 1867-1878. https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20171021131845
Harvard
Prenc, R., Strnad, I., and Tomas, V. (2018). 'Planning of Active Distribution Networks in Croatia', Tehnički vjesnik, 25(6), pp. 1867-1878. doi: https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20171021131845
Vancouver
Prenc R, Strnad I, Tomas V. Planning of Active Distribution Networks in Croatia. Tehnički vjesnik [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2019 May 24];25(6):1867-1878. doi: https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20171021131845
IEEE
R. Prenc, I. Strnad and V. Tomas, "Planning of Active Distribution Networks in Croatia", Tehnički vjesnik, vol.25, no. 6, pp. 1867-1878, 2018. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20171021131845

Abstracts
This paper explores the concept of distribution network planning in Croatia from both theoretical and practical point of view. First, the types of distribution system planning are presented. Then the technical criteria for distribution network planning in Croatia are elaborated, according to the Croatian Grid Code and the standard practice of Croatia’s Distribution System Operator. The focus of this paper is to go through the basic differences between planning active and passive distribution networks in Croatia with special attention paid to voltage and power fluctuations caused by distributed generation units. Distribution network configurations that are used in Croatia are also displayed, especially in the context of redundancy and contingency analysis. The availability and type of input data for distribution network planning is thoroughly discussed. In addition, the paper addresses the challenges associated with the elimination of the 35 kV networks and the transition from 10 to 20 kV voltage level in Croatia. Finally, some relatively new but not yet exploited concepts are overviewed, like demand response and electric vehicles along with the future development of smart grids in Croatia.

Keywords
active distribution networks; distribution network planning and operation; distributed generation; network configurations; smart grids

Hrčak ID: 212845

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/212845

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