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Microbiological Hazards Associated with Archaeological Works, Illustrated with an Example of Fredro Crypt (Przemyśl, Poland)

Anna Drążkowska ; Department of Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Environment Protection, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland
Maria Swiontek Brzezinska ; Department of Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Environment Protection, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland
Edyta Deja-Sikora ; Department of Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Environment Protection, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland
Maciej Walczak ; Department of Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Environment Protection, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (1 MB) str. 61-68 preuzimanja: 20* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Drążkowska, A., Swiontek Brzezinska, M., Deja-Sikora, E. i Walczak, M. (2019). Microbiological Hazards Associated with Archaeological Works, Illustrated with an Example of Fredro Crypt (Przemyśl, Poland) . Collegium antropologicum, 43 (1), 61-68. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/223985
MLA 8th Edition
Drążkowska, Anna, et al. "Microbiological Hazards Associated with Archaeological Works, Illustrated with an Example of Fredro Crypt (Przemyśl, Poland) ." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 43, br. 1, 2019, str. 61-68. https://hrcak.srce.hr/223985. Citirano 14.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Drążkowska, Anna, Maria Swiontek Brzezinska, Edyta Deja-Sikora i Maciej Walczak. "Microbiological Hazards Associated with Archaeological Works, Illustrated with an Example of Fredro Crypt (Przemyśl, Poland) ." Collegium antropologicum 43, br. 1 (2019): 61-68. https://hrcak.srce.hr/223985
Harvard
Drążkowska, A., et al. (2019). 'Microbiological Hazards Associated with Archaeological Works, Illustrated with an Example of Fredro Crypt (Przemyśl, Poland) ', Collegium antropologicum, 43(1), str. 61-68. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/223985 (Datum pristupa: 14.11.2019.)
Vancouver
Drążkowska A, Swiontek Brzezinska M, Deja-Sikora E, Walczak M. Microbiological Hazards Associated with Archaeological Works, Illustrated with an Example of Fredro Crypt (Przemyśl, Poland) . Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 14.11.2019.];43(1):61-68. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/223985
IEEE
A. Drążkowska, M. Swiontek Brzezinska, E. Deja-Sikora i M. Walczak, "Microbiological Hazards Associated with Archaeological Works, Illustrated with an Example of Fredro Crypt (Przemyśl, Poland) ", Collegium antropologicum, vol.43, br. 1, str. 61-68, 2019. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/223985. [Citirano: 14.11.2019.]

Sažetak
The human remains and other materials found in crypts can be highly contaminated with microorganisms. Archae￾ologists are exposed to microorganisms in many ways (e.g by inhaling dust, contaminating scratches or cuts). We aimed
at evaluating microbial hazards associated with human remains and bioaerosols formed during archaeological works
in burial crypts. The samples of the human remains, bioaerosols and personal protective equipment (dust respirators,
disposable coveralls) were collected during archaeological works in the vault of the Cathedral Basilica of St. John the
Baptist and the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Przemyśl (Fredro crypt). The microbiological examination
involved determining the number of spores of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, the number of mesophilic and hemolytic
bacteria, and the number of xerophilic, non- xerophilic and keratinolytic fungi. The air as well as objects and materi￾als found in crypts are highly contaminated with bacteria and fungi. The xerophilic fungi were the most numerous in
all samples of human remains 1–230·103 cfu(colony forming units/g). The non-xerophilic fungi were predominant in
bioaerosols (>104 cfu/m3 during archaeological works). The majority of bacterial strains (81.3%) belonged to the genus
Bacillus. Fungi belonging to the genera Penicillium (65.2%) and Aspergillus (28.6%) dominated among the isolated
fungi. Fogging sterilization of the crypt turned out to be ineffective. The high number of microorganisms both in the
air and on human remains indicates that there is a need for particular caution during archaeological works which
cause dust emission. In order to reduce exposure to harmful biological factors, the use of disposable personal protective
equipment seems necessary.

Ključne riječi
archaeological works, health risk, bioaerosol, microorganisms

Hrčak ID: 223985

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/223985

Posjeta: 38 *