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IGOR MAŠALA ; Municipal Institute of Emergency Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
MIRJANA LONČARIĆ-KATUŠIN ; Karlovac General Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology, Resuscitation and Intensive Care, Karlovac, Croatia
JOSIP ŽUNIĆ ; Karlovac General Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology, Resuscitation and Intensive Care, Karlovac, Croatia

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (84 KB) str. 77-81 preuzimanja: 77* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
MAŠALA, I., LONČARIĆ-KATUŠIN, M. i ŽUNIĆ, J. (2019). Maligna bol u hitnoj medicini. Acta medica Croatica, 73 (Suplement 1), 77-81. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
MAŠALA, IGOR, et al. "Maligna bol u hitnoj medicini." Acta medica Croatica, vol. 73, br. Suplement 1, 2019, str. 77-81. Citirano 13.08.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
MAŠALA, IGOR, MIRJANA LONČARIĆ-KATUŠIN i JOSIP ŽUNIĆ. "Maligna bol u hitnoj medicini." Acta medica Croatica 73, br. Suplement 1 (2019): 77-81.
MAŠALA, I., LONČARIĆ-KATUŠIN, M., i ŽUNIĆ, J. (2019). 'Maligna bol u hitnoj medicini', Acta medica Croatica, 73(Suplement 1), str. 77-81. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 13.08.2020.)
MAŠALA I, LONČARIĆ-KATUŠIN M, ŽUNIĆ J. Maligna bol u hitnoj medicini. Acta medica Croatica [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 13.08.2020.];73(Suplement 1):77-81. Dostupno na:
I. MAŠALA, M. LONČARIĆ-KATUŠIN i J. ŽUNIĆ, "Maligna bol u hitnoj medicini", Acta medica Croatica, vol.73, br. Suplement 1, str. 77-81, 2019. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 13.08.2020.]

It is necessary to treat pain according to accepted guidelines and the goal of our research was to determine the frequency and characteristics of interventions in outpatient emergency medical services (EMS) for the treatment of malignant pain. We performed retrospective analysis of the prospective database of the Zagreb Municipal Teaching Institute of Emergency Medicine in the period from January 1 to December 31, 2014. The study included patients suffering from malignant diseases and malignant pain as the reason for the EMS team intervention. We analyzed demographic data (age, gender), structure of patients by type of malignant disease (International Classifi cation of Diseases, ICD), time of intervention (night/day), time of intervention according to day of the week, type of analgesics applied (non-opioid, opioid analgesic or adjuvant), and the route of painkiller administration. Data are presented in tables, categorical and nominal values are shown as appropriate frequencies and shares. Zagreb EMS had 70,155 interventions in the period observed, of which 516 (0.74%) patients with malignant pain, including 265 (51%) female and 251 (49%) male patients. The increased proportion of elderly population caused a growing number of newly diagnosed patients with malignant diseases. Therefore, distribution of patients according to age groups showed that the highest number of patients were in the 60-80 age group (n=335; 64.91%). Eighty-five (16.47%) patients aged 50-60 requested help from EMS. According to the ICD, the most common cause of pain for which patients sought help from EMS were malignant neoplasms of digestive organs (n=138; 26.4%), respiratory and intrathoracic organs (10.5% and 20.34%, respectively). The EMS team had 288 (55.81%) interventions during the day and 228 (44.19%) interventions during the night. They had 178 (34.36%) interventions over weekend and 340 (65.64%) interventions on work days. These interventions are the result of the specifi c work organization of outpatient hospital health services. Non-opioid analgesics as the fi rst step in the treatment of malignant pain were administered 303 (58.72%) times, weak opioids 205 (39.74) times, and strong opioids 8 (1.55%) times. The main obstacle to optimal pain management is inadequate assessment of pain. Intramuscular administration of analgesics (n=483; 93.24%) was most frequent, followed by intravenous (n=21; 4.05%) and subcutaneous (n=10; 1.93%) route. We conclude that it is necessary to educate EMS teams, especially focusing on the assessment of the degree of pain using scales for pain with prescription of analgesic therapy in accordance with recommendations.

Ključne riječi
emergency medicine; malignant pain; pain

Hrčak ID: 224663



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