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A case of overlapping primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis presented as acute on chronic liver failure

Anja Stanović ; School of Medicine, University of Zagreb
Fran Vrandečić ; School of Medicine, University of Zagreb
Anna Mrzljak ; Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Merkur

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (87 KB) str. 0-0 preuzimanja: 19* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Stanović, A., Vrandečić, F. i Mrzljak, A. (2019). A case of overlapping primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis presented as acute on chronic liver failure. Liječnički vjesnik, 141 (suppl.1), 0-0. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/225515
MLA 8th Edition
Stanović, Anja, et al. "A case of overlapping primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis presented as acute on chronic liver failure." Liječnički vjesnik, vol. 141, br. suppl.1, 2019, str. 0-0. https://hrcak.srce.hr/225515. Citirano 23.02.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Stanović, Anja, Fran Vrandečić i Anna Mrzljak. "A case of overlapping primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis presented as acute on chronic liver failure." Liječnički vjesnik 141, br. suppl.1 (2019): 0-0. https://hrcak.srce.hr/225515
Harvard
Stanović, A., Vrandečić, F., i Mrzljak, A. (2019). 'A case of overlapping primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis presented as acute on chronic liver failure', Liječnički vjesnik, 141(suppl.1), str. 0-0. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/225515 (Datum pristupa: 23.02.2020.)
Vancouver
Stanović A, Vrandečić F, Mrzljak A. A case of overlapping primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis presented as acute on chronic liver failure. Liječnički vjesnik [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 23.02.2020.];141(suppl.1):0-0. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/225515
IEEE
A. Stanović, F. Vrandečić i A. Mrzljak, "A case of overlapping primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis presented as acute on chronic liver failure", Liječnički vjesnik, vol.141, br. suppl.1, str. 0-0, 2019. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/225515. [Citirano: 23.02.2020.]

Sažetak
7-14% of patients suffering from primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) may present with clinical and serological features, indicating an overlap syndrome with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). In an otherwise indolent course of a chronic liver disease, an exacerbation can result in acute liver failure (ALF). A 22-year-old man with a history of thrombotic events and verified thrombophilia (PAI-1 mutation) presented with jaundice (bilirubin=211,3 μmol/L) and abdominal discomfort. His synthetic liver function rapidly deteriorated (AST=3084 U/L, ALT=2928 U/L, ALP=154 U/L, GGT=63 U/L). Initial workup excluded viral causes and he was referred to the University Hospital Merkur with the diagnosis of ALF of unknown etiology. Whilst pursuing the underlying cause of the ALF and concomitant anaemia, the diagnosis of Crohn’s disease was established via lower endoscopy. In the following days, the patient’s state severely worsened, including the development of stage 3 hepatic encephalopathy. 7 days after admission, the patient was successfully transplanted. Histological assessment confirmed the diagnosis of overlapping AIH and PSC. The patient was uneventful for 2.5 years, when after the rise of liver enzymes (AST=296 U/L, ALT=682 U/L, GGT=93 U/L, ALP=165 U/L), a liver biopsy confirmed the relapse of AIH. Remission was attained with the administration of corticosteroids. In the 3-year follow-up, the patient was relapse-free without thromboembolic events. This complex case emphasizes the importance of prompt management of ALF and the difficulty of distinguishing acute on chronic liver failure from ALF. Overlapping liver diseases can be accompanied by various conditions, most commonly inflammatory bowel diseases, which makes the treatment particularly challenging.

Ključne riječi
Acute liver failure, autoimmune hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, overlapping syndrome, multimorbidity

Hrčak ID: 225515

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/225515

Posjeta: 53 *