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The Utilization of Frontal Sinuses in Forensics

Toni Ljubić   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-1275-5622 ; Sveučilišni odjel za forenzične znanosti, Sveučilište u Splitu, Hrvatska
Ivana Kružić ; Sveučilišni odjel za forenzične znanosti, Sveučilište u Splitu, Hrvatska
Željana Bašić   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-8327-1978 ; Sveučilišni odjel za forenzične znanosti, Sveučilište u Splitu, Hrvatska
Šimun Anđelinović ; Klinički zavod za patologiju, sudsku medicinu i citologiju, KBC Split, Medicinski fakultet u Splitu, Sveučilište u Splitu, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (354 KB) str. 308-324 preuzimanja: 103* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Ljubić, T., Kružić, I., Bašić, Ž. i Anđelinović, Š. (2019). Uloga i vrijednost frontalnih sinusa u forenzici The Utilization of Frontal Sinuses in Forensics. Policija i sigurnost, 28 (3/2019.), 308-324. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/225570
MLA 8th Edition
Ljubić, Toni, et al. "Uloga i vrijednost frontalnih sinusa u forenzici The Utilization of Frontal Sinuses in Forensics." Policija i sigurnost, vol. 28, br. 3/2019., 2019, str. 308-324. https://hrcak.srce.hr/225570. Citirano 02.12.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Ljubić, Toni, Ivana Kružić, Željana Bašić i Šimun Anđelinović. "Uloga i vrijednost frontalnih sinusa u forenzici The Utilization of Frontal Sinuses in Forensics." Policija i sigurnost 28, br. 3/2019. (2019): 308-324. https://hrcak.srce.hr/225570
Harvard
Ljubić, T., et al. (2019). 'Uloga i vrijednost frontalnih sinusa u forenzici The Utilization of Frontal Sinuses in Forensics', Policija i sigurnost, 28(3/2019.), str. 308-324. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/225570 (Datum pristupa: 02.12.2020.)
Vancouver
Ljubić T, Kružić I, Bašić Ž, Anđelinović Š. Uloga i vrijednost frontalnih sinusa u forenzici The Utilization of Frontal Sinuses in Forensics. Policija i sigurnost [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 02.12.2020.];28(3/2019.):308-324. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/225570
IEEE
T. Ljubić, I. Kružić, Ž. Bašić i Š. Anđelinović, "Uloga i vrijednost frontalnih sinusa u forenzici The Utilization of Frontal Sinuses in Forensics", Policija i sigurnost, vol.28, br. 3/2019., str. 308-324, 2019. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/225570. [Citirano: 02.12.2020.]

Sažetak
Individualization of persons and human remains is one of the most common challenges forensic experts encounter during their work with cases such as mass disasters, fires and mass graves. Frontal sinuses are an anatomical structure with unique shape and dimensions that appears in almost the whole human population. They are used for personal identification when the fingerprints are not present and when the DNA analysis is impossible or financially unsuitable and time-consuming. Frontal sinuses have been in use as a mean of individualization since 1920's.
Sex determination is a first step in a process of biological profiling of human remains. Studies of sexual dimorphism of frontal sinuses resultet with the percentage of reliability of sex estimation ranging from 60% to 85%. The authors explain the differences in the results by using different radiological methods for recording, sample size and population specificity.
For the purposes of individualization, a number of coding systems have been developed for the classification of the shape and dimensions of the frontal sinuses, which have provided a positive individualization of mortal remains in real cases. Coding systems are based on the idea that the code combination will be unique or rare enough within the observed population. Despite the disadvantages, coding systems for frontal sinus classification are a good auxiliary method when individualizing individuals.
No research on the population's specificity and the sexual dimorphism of the frontal sinuses was done on the territory of the Republic of Croatia.

Ključne riječi
frontal sinuses; individualization; identification; sexual dimorphism; forensic anthropology; forensic science.

Hrčak ID: 225570

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/225570

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 196 *