; Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Clinical Centre of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro
; Institute for Epidemiology, University of Belgrade School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia
; Institute of Public Health, Podgorica, Montenegro
APA 6th Edition Zvrko, E., Gledović, Z. i Ljaljević, A. (2008). Risk Factors for Laryngeal Cancer in Montenegro. Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 59 (1), 11-18. https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-59-2008-1863
MLA 8th Edition Zvrko, Elvir, et al. "Risk Factors for Laryngeal Cancer in Montenegro." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol. 59, br. 1, 2008, str. 11-18. https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-59-2008-1863. Citirano 13.04.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition Zvrko, Elvir, Zorana Gledović i Agima Ljaljević. "Risk Factors for Laryngeal Cancer in Montenegro." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju 59, br. 1 (2008): 11-18. https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-59-2008-1863
Harvard Zvrko, E., Gledović, Z., i Ljaljević, A. (2008). 'Risk Factors for Laryngeal Cancer in Montenegro', Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 59(1), str. 11-18. https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-59-2008-1863
Vancouver Zvrko E, Gledović Z, Ljaljević A. Risk Factors for Laryngeal Cancer in Montenegro. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. [Internet]. 2008 [pristupljeno 13.04.2021.];59(1):11-18. https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-59-2008-1863
IEEE E. Zvrko, Z. Gledović i A. Ljaljević, "Risk Factors for Laryngeal Cancer in Montenegro", Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol.59, br. 1, str. 11-18, 2008. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-59-2008-1863
Sažetak Laryngeal cancer is the most common head and neck cancer. There might be many risk factors for laryngeal cancer. Smoking, especially cigarette smoking and alcohol are indisputable risk factors. The authors of this paper assessed the presumed risk factors in order to identify possible aetiological agents of the disease. A hospital-based case-control study was conducted. The study group consisted of 108 histologically verified laryngeal cancer patients and 108 hospital controls matched by sex, age (±3 years) and place of residence. Laryngeal cancer patients and controls were interviewed during their hospital stay using a structured questionnaire. According to multiple logistic regression analysis six variables were independently related to laryngeal cancer: hard liquor consumption (Odd Ratio /OR/=2.93, Confidence Interval /CI/ 95 % = 1.17 to 7.31), consumption more than 2 alcoholic drinks per day (OR=4.96, CI 95 % = 2.04 to12.04), cigarette smoking for more than 40 years (OR=4.32, CI 95 % = 1.69 to 11.06), smoking more than 30 cigarettes per day (OR=4.24, CI 95 % = 1.75 to 10.27), coffee consumption more than 5 cups per day (OR=4.52, CI 95 % = 1.01 to 20.12) and carbonated beverage consumption (OR=0.38, CI 95 %= 0.16 to 0.92). The great majority of laryngeal cancers could be prevented by eliminating tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption.