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https://doi.org/10.5552/crojfe.2020.770

Round Wood Waste and Losses – Is Rationalisation in Scaling Possible?

Andreja Đuka   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-2505-713X ; Institute of Forest Engineering Faculty of Forestry University of Zagreb Svetošimunska 25 10002 Zagreb
Mirna Sertić ; Forest Administration Office Karlovac Croatian forests Ltd. Put Davorina Trstenjaka 1 47000 Karlovac Institute of Forest Engineering Faculty of Forestry University of Zagreb Svetošimunska 2510002 Zagreb CROATIA
Tibor Pentek ; Institute of Forest Engineering Faculty of Forestry University of Zagreb Svetošimunska 25 10002 Zagreb
Ivica Papa   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-2462-1605 ; Institute of Forest Engineering Faculty of Forestry University of Zagreb Svetošimunska 25 10002 Zagreb
David Janeš ; Institute of Forest Engineering Faculty of Forestry University of Zagreb Svetošimunska 25 10002 Zagreb
Tomislav Poršinsky ; Institute of Forest Engineering Faculty of Forestry University of Zagreb Svetošimunska 25 10002 Zagreb

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (3 MB) str. 1-12 preuzimanja: 60* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Đuka, A., Sertić, M., Pentek, T., Papa, I., Janeš, D. i Poršinsky, T. (2020). Round Wood Waste and Losses – Is Rationalisation in Scaling Possible?. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 41 (2), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.5552/crojfe.2020.770
MLA 8th Edition
Đuka, Andreja, et al. "Round Wood Waste and Losses – Is Rationalisation in Scaling Possible?." Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, vol. 41, br. 2, 2020, str. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.5552/crojfe.2020.770. Citirano 20.01.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Đuka, Andreja, Mirna Sertić, Tibor Pentek, Ivica Papa, David Janeš i Tomislav Poršinsky. "Round Wood Waste and Losses – Is Rationalisation in Scaling Possible?." Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering 41, br. 2 (2020): 1-12. https://doi.org/10.5552/crojfe.2020.770
Harvard
Đuka, A., et al. (2020). 'Round Wood Waste and Losses – Is Rationalisation in Scaling Possible?', Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 41(2), str. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.5552/crojfe.2020.770
Vancouver
Đuka A, Sertić M, Pentek T, Papa I, Janeš D, Poršinsky T. Round Wood Waste and Losses – Is Rationalisation in Scaling Possible?. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 20.01.2021.];41(2):1-12. https://doi.org/10.5552/crojfe.2020.770
IEEE
A. Đuka, M. Sertić, T. Pentek, I. Papa, D. Janeš i T. Poršinsky, "Round Wood Waste and Losses – Is Rationalisation in Scaling Possible?", Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, vol.41, br. 2, str. 1-12, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.5552/crojfe.2020.770

Sažetak
The term »loss« should be distinguished from the term »waste« commonly used by forestry practitioners to indicate the difference between gross volume (planned production based on official tariffs) and net volume (produced timber volume) of trees. Volume loss in round wood refers to the difference between the actual volume of round wood and the volume determined based on the prescribed method of measurement and calculation. As a result of prescribed scaling methods and calculations, volume losses appear due to 1) used volume equations, 2) prescribed method of measurement (i.e. measurements of length and mid-length diameter) and 3) deduction of double bark thickness. In Croatia, round wood is cross-cut and transported with bark, while logs are measured and sold without bark. In this way, the bark is an unnecessary ballast in production, but has many possible applications such as energy source, in the production of wooden boards in construction, in nurseries and horticulture, etc. The research was conducted on 225 butt-logs of sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) ranging in diameter classes from 27.5 cm to 67.5 cm from even-aged forests in the central part of Croatia. Deduction of double bark thickness caused a higher average loss in the volume when using Huber’s equation at 14% and when using Riecke-Newton’s equation at 13.5%. In both volume estimation methods, the loss due to double bark thickness was slightly reduced exponentially as the diameter of but-logs increased. The determined dependence of the bark thickness on diameter of butt-logs over bark indicates the need for correction of the bark deduction tables that are in operational use in Croatian forestry and are provided by trading practices, and since they are not the result of scientific research, they lead to unfair payment between sellers and buyers of round wood. Comparison analysis of the simulation of butt-logs indicated that the introduction of Riecke-Newton’s equation for estimating the volume of commercially important assortments in Croatian forestry is justified. The use of Riecke-Newton’s equation in these terms leads on average to a 6.6% higher volume of butt-logs than the use of Huber’s equation for estimating the volume of assortments.

Ključne riječi
loss in volume, prescribed measurement, timber standards, double bark thickness, mid-diameter

Hrčak ID: 240284

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/240284

Posjeta: 114 *