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https://doi.org/10.22586/csp.v52i3.10609

I’m Doing all that’s Needed.’ Activists in Local Communities in Yugoslavia during the 1970s and 1980s

Igor Duda   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-9607-1601 ; Department of History, Faculty of Humanities Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Pula, Croatia

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (226 KB) str. 731-758 preuzimanja: 0* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Duda, I. (2020). „Radim sve što treba.” Aktivisti u mjesnim zajednicama u Jugoslaviji 1970-ih i 1980-ih. Časopis za suvremenu povijest, 52 (3), 731-758. https://doi.org/10.22586/csp.v52i3.10609
MLA 8th Edition
Duda, Igor. "„Radim sve što treba.” Aktivisti u mjesnim zajednicama u Jugoslaviji 1970-ih i 1980-ih." Časopis za suvremenu povijest, vol. 52, br. 3, 2020, str. 731-758. https://doi.org/10.22586/csp.v52i3.10609. Citirano 29.11.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Duda, Igor. "„Radim sve što treba.” Aktivisti u mjesnim zajednicama u Jugoslaviji 1970-ih i 1980-ih." Časopis za suvremenu povijest 52, br. 3 (2020): 731-758. https://doi.org/10.22586/csp.v52i3.10609
Harvard
Duda, I. (2020). '„Radim sve što treba.” Aktivisti u mjesnim zajednicama u Jugoslaviji 1970-ih i 1980-ih', Časopis za suvremenu povijest, 52(3), str. 731-758. https://doi.org/10.22586/csp.v52i3.10609
Vancouver
Duda I. „Radim sve što treba.” Aktivisti u mjesnim zajednicama u Jugoslaviji 1970-ih i 1980-ih. Časopis za suvremenu povijest [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 29.11.2020.];52(3):731-758. https://doi.org/10.22586/csp.v52i3.10609
IEEE
I. Duda, "„Radim sve što treba.” Aktivisti u mjesnim zajednicama u Jugoslaviji 1970-ih i 1980-ih", Časopis za suvremenu povijest, vol.52, br. 3, str. 731-758, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.22586/csp.v52i3.10609

Sažetak

After the experience with people’s committees, small municipalities, and residential communities, socialist Yugoslavia began introducing local communities as self-governing units and communities of citizens within the new, larger municipalities. They were a way of strengthening social self-management and socialist direct democracy and, according to Marxist theory, envisioned as part of the withering away of the state, and therefore part of the process of de-bureaucratisation and humanisation of social relations. The foundations of the new socio-political organisation were set down by the 1963 Constitution, but it was only the 1974 Constitution that established local communities as one of the core parts of the socio-political system and a compulsory form of citizens’ self-government organisation. Envisioned as something akin to extended families, they were greatly dependent on initiatives from below, on the energy, enthusiasm, and free time of interested citizens. Therefore, this paper attempts to answer the following questions: how was the concept of local communities envisioned; did citizens’ interest reach the expected level, and who were the activists among them; what prompted their enthusiasm, and how did they understand their activities? Based on our analysis, we establish the characteristic types of activists determined by generational, class, and interest relations. In defining the theoretical and practical aspects of social self-government in local communities, the paper refers to the Programme of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, constitutional and legal provisions, and the theoretical tenets of the actors of that period. Our approach also considers the then and current papers from the field of administrative sciences. The everyday and practical activities in local communities are analysed based on the writings published in Mjesna zajednica (Local Community), the specialised monthly of the Conference for the Development of Local Communities, which acted as part of the Socialist Alliance of the Working People of Yugoslavia, as well as archival data from the fond of the Republican Conference of the Socialist Alliance of the Working People of Croatia.

Hrčak ID: 246364

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/246364

[hrvatski]

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