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Pregledni rad
https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/21.4.3058

Urea concentration in goat milk: importance of determination and factors of variability

Darija Bendelja Ljoljić ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Dairy Science, Svetošimunska 25, Zagreb, Croatia
Iva Dolenčić Špehar ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Dairy Science, Svetošimunska 25, Zagreb, Croatia
Zvonimir Prpić ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science ad Technology, Svetošimunska 25, Zagreb, Croatia
Ivan Vnučec ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science ad Technology, Svetošimunska 25, Zagreb, Croatia
Dubravka Samaržija ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Dairy Science, Svetošimunska 25, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (833 KB) str. 707-721 preuzimanja: 122* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Bendelja Ljoljić, D., Dolenčić Špehar, I., Prpić, Z., Vnučec, I. i Samaržija, D. (2020). Urea concentration in goat milk: importance of determination and factors of variability. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 21 (4), 707-721. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/21.4.3058
MLA 8th Edition
Bendelja Ljoljić, Darija, et al. "Urea concentration in goat milk: importance of determination and factors of variability." Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol. 21, br. 4, 2020, str. 707-721. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/21.4.3058. Citirano 23.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Bendelja Ljoljić, Darija, Iva Dolenčić Špehar, Zvonimir Prpić, Ivan Vnučec i Dubravka Samaržija. "Urea concentration in goat milk: importance of determination and factors of variability." Journal of Central European Agriculture 21, br. 4 (2020): 707-721. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/21.4.3058
Harvard
Bendelja Ljoljić, D., et al. (2020). 'Urea concentration in goat milk: importance of determination and factors of variability', Journal of Central European Agriculture, 21(4), str. 707-721. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/21.4.3058
Vancouver
Bendelja Ljoljić D, Dolenčić Špehar I, Prpić Z, Vnučec I, Samaržija D. Urea concentration in goat milk: importance of determination and factors of variability. Journal of Central European Agriculture [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 23.10.2021.];21(4):707-721. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/21.4.3058
IEEE
D. Bendelja Ljoljić, I. Dolenčić Špehar, Z. Prpić, I. Vnučec i D. Samaržija, "Urea concentration in goat milk: importance of determination and factors of variability", Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol.21, br. 4, str. 707-721, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/21.4.3058

Sažetak
The optimal concentration of urea in cow's milk is known and is often used to assess the balance of energy and protein in diets. While in goat (and sheep) milk it is not controled nor defined. Main determinants of urea formation in milk are the amount of crude protein intake and the ratio betwwen protein and energy proportion in diet. Goat diet with excessive amount of crude protein and energy unbalanced diet cause the excess of nitrogenous substances in rumen along with release of ammonia and rise in concentration of urea in blood and milk, which adversely affects the production, milk coagulation propreties, environmental pollution and reproductive capabilities of goats. However, besides diet, there are other factors that influence milk urea concentration: breed, stage of lactation, parity, season, body mass, litter size, production and chemical composition of milk. Numerous studies conducted on cow milk included the influence of sources of variability listed above, while there are only few studies available for goat milk due to its less economic importance, seasonal polyesterity and different way of breeding and keeping goats. The aim of this paper is to comparatively and critically combine the previous research results on the importance of determining the milk urea concentration as well as on individual sources of variability of urea concentration in goat milk.

Ključne riječi
goat milk; milk urea concentration; feeding; stage of lactation; parity; milk production

Hrčak ID: 248348

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/248348

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 242 *