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https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301

Stigmatization of Psychiatric Patients – Knowledge and Attitudes of Health and Non-health Professionals

Ana Pavelić Tremac   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-4326-8280 ; Dr. Ivan Barbot Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Popovača, Croatia
Dražen Kovačević ; Dr. Ivan Barbot Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Popovača, Croatia
Joško Sindik ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia,
Narcisa Manojlović ; Ministry for Demography, Family, Youth and Social Policy, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (183 KB) str. 301-323 preuzimanja: 0* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Pavelić Tremac, A., Kovačević, D., Sindik, J. i Manojlović, N. (2020). Stigmatization of Psychiatric Patients – Knowledge and Attitudes of Health and Non-health Professionals. Socijalna psihijatrija, 48 (3), 301-323. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301
MLA 8th Edition
Pavelić Tremac, Ana, et al. "Stigmatization of Psychiatric Patients – Knowledge and Attitudes of Health and Non-health Professionals." Socijalna psihijatrija, vol. 48, br. 3, 2020, str. 301-323. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301. Citirano 23.01.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Pavelić Tremac, Ana, Dražen Kovačević, Joško Sindik i Narcisa Manojlović. "Stigmatization of Psychiatric Patients – Knowledge and Attitudes of Health and Non-health Professionals." Socijalna psihijatrija 48, br. 3 (2020): 301-323. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301
Harvard
Pavelić Tremac, A., et al. (2020). 'Stigmatization of Psychiatric Patients – Knowledge and Attitudes of Health and Non-health Professionals', Socijalna psihijatrija, 48(3), str. 301-323. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301
Vancouver
Pavelić Tremac A, Kovačević D, Sindik J, Manojlović N. Stigmatization of Psychiatric Patients – Knowledge and Attitudes of Health and Non-health Professionals. Socijalna psihijatrija [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 23.01.2021.];48(3):301-323. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301
IEEE
A. Pavelić Tremac, D. Kovačević, J. Sindik i N. Manojlović, "Stigmatization of Psychiatric Patients – Knowledge and Attitudes of Health and Non-health Professionals", Socijalna psihijatrija, vol.48, br. 3, str. 301-323, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (183 KB) str. 301-323 preuzimanja: 0* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Pavelić Tremac, A., Kovačević, D., Sindik, J. i Manojlović, N. (2020). Stigmatizacija psihičkih bolesnika – znanje i stavovi zdravstvenih i nezdravstvenih radnika. Socijalna psihijatrija, 48 (3), 301-323. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301
MLA 8th Edition
Pavelić Tremac, Ana, et al. "Stigmatizacija psihičkih bolesnika – znanje i stavovi zdravstvenih i nezdravstvenih radnika." Socijalna psihijatrija, vol. 48, br. 3, 2020, str. 301-323. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301. Citirano 23.01.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Pavelić Tremac, Ana, Dražen Kovačević, Joško Sindik i Narcisa Manojlović. "Stigmatizacija psihičkih bolesnika – znanje i stavovi zdravstvenih i nezdravstvenih radnika." Socijalna psihijatrija 48, br. 3 (2020): 301-323. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301
Harvard
Pavelić Tremac, A., et al. (2020). 'Stigmatizacija psihičkih bolesnika – znanje i stavovi zdravstvenih i nezdravstvenih radnika', Socijalna psihijatrija, 48(3), str. 301-323. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301
Vancouver
Pavelić Tremac A, Kovačević D, Sindik J, Manojlović N. Stigmatizacija psihičkih bolesnika – znanje i stavovi zdravstvenih i nezdravstvenih radnika. Socijalna psihijatrija [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 23.01.2021.];48(3):301-323. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301
IEEE
A. Pavelić Tremac, D. Kovačević, J. Sindik i N. Manojlović, "Stigmatizacija psihičkih bolesnika – znanje i stavovi zdravstvenih i nezdravstvenih radnika", Socijalna psihijatrija, vol.48, br. 3, str. 301-323, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.301

Sažetak
With functional problems resulting from the symptoms of their illness, people with mental illness also face the feeling of being rejected by other people, partly because of the fear of their specific and unpredictable reactions. The objective of this study was to determine the differences in knowledge and attitudes regarding psychiatric patients affecting their stigmatization, with respect to the type of employment (health and non-health professionals and psychiatric personnel), level of education (elementary and secondary school, undergraduate degree, university degree), gender, and psychiatric heredity in the family. We used a sample of 243 respondents (intentional sample of health (23.4%), non-health professionals (49%), and psychiatric personnel (27.6%), heterogeneous by socio-demographic characteristics) to examine knowledge and attitudes towards individuals with mental illness using appropriate measuring instruments. The Revised Scale for Measuring Attitudes toward Mental Patients, developed according to the scale of the Summer School of Psychology Students in 2003, and the Scale of Knowledge on Mental Patients (SKMP) taken from the study by Jokić-Begić, Kamenov, Lauri Korajlija, 2005, were applied. Psychiatric personnel were found to have more knowledge on the characteristics of individuals with mental illness as well as treatment and the development of mental illness regarding psychiatric patients compared with non-health and non-health professionals, and in men only compared with non-health professionals. Nonhealth and health professionals, to a greater extent than psychiatric personnel, feel that direct contact with individuals with mental illness was desirable, except in men where no differences were found. The more educated respondents had greater knowledge about individuals with mental illness and largely believed that individuals with mental illness are able to work and participate in the society as well as that direct contact with them was desirable. Respondents with lower educational status were more likely to believe that psychiatric patients deserve respect and compassion as equal members of society. Significant differences were found between subjects with and without psychiatric heredity in relation to one aspect of the attitude. Respondents without psychiatric heredity believe that people with mental illness deserve more respect and compassion. The results provide the framework guidelines needed to design the process of destigmatization of psychiatric patients in the populations of health and non-health professionals as well as people of different levels of education, especially those who work with psychiatric patients or come into contact with them after hospitalization.

Ključne riječi
Mental Illness; Attitudes; Health and Nonhealth Professionals; Stigmatization

Hrčak ID: 249716

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/249716

[hrvatski]

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