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Gender Differences in Body Composition, Physical Activity, Eating Behavior and Body Image among Normal Weight Adolescents – An Evolutionary Approach

Sylvia Kirchengast
Andrea Marosi

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (82 KB) str. 1079-1086 preuzimanja: 1.210* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Kirchengast, S. i Marosi, A. (2008). Gender Differences in Body Composition, Physical Activity, Eating Behavior and Body Image among Normal Weight Adolescents – An Evolutionary Approach. Collegium antropologicum, 32 (4), 1079-1086. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/34083
MLA 8th Edition
Kirchengast, Sylvia i Andrea Marosi. "Gender Differences in Body Composition, Physical Activity, Eating Behavior and Body Image among Normal Weight Adolescents – An Evolutionary Approach." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 32, br. 4, 2008, str. 1079-1086. https://hrcak.srce.hr/34083. Citirano 26.09.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kirchengast, Sylvia i Andrea Marosi. "Gender Differences in Body Composition, Physical Activity, Eating Behavior and Body Image among Normal Weight Adolescents – An Evolutionary Approach." Collegium antropologicum 32, br. 4 (2008): 1079-1086. https://hrcak.srce.hr/34083
Harvard
Kirchengast, S., i Marosi, A. (2008). 'Gender Differences in Body Composition, Physical Activity, Eating Behavior and Body Image among Normal Weight Adolescents – An Evolutionary Approach', Collegium antropologicum, 32(4), str. 1079-1086. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/34083 (Datum pristupa: 26.09.2020.)
Vancouver
Kirchengast S, Marosi A. Gender Differences in Body Composition, Physical Activity, Eating Behavior and Body Image among Normal Weight Adolescents – An Evolutionary Approach. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2008 [pristupljeno 26.09.2020.];32(4):1079-1086. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/34083
IEEE
S. Kirchengast i A. Marosi, "Gender Differences in Body Composition, Physical Activity, Eating Behavior and Body Image among Normal Weight Adolescents – An Evolutionary Approach", Collegium antropologicum, vol.32, br. 4, str. 1079-1086, 2008. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/34083. [Citirano: 26.09.2020.]

Sažetak
Body composition but also physical activity patterns underlie gender typical differences throughout human life. In the
present study the body composition of 354 girls and 280 boys ageing between 11 and 18 years originating from Eastern
Austria were analyzed using bioelectrical impedance method. Normal weight according to body mass index categories
was a strict inclusion criterion. Information regarding physical activity during school and leisure time, daily nutritional
habits, subjective body satisfaction and weight control practices were collected by means of a structured and standardized
questionnaire. Results of the analyses reveal that – as to be expected – adolescent boys and girls differed significantly
in body composition, but also in physical activity patterns. Even normal weight girls exhibited a significantly
higher amount of absolute and relative fat mass, whereas normal weight boys showed a significantly higher amount of
fat free body mass. Furthermore male adolescents were significantly more physically active than their female counterparts.
According to the results of multiple regression analyses physical activity patterns had beside sex an independent
influence on body composition parameters during adolescence. In contrast, girls and boys showed only minor differences
in nutritional habits and weight control practices. Nutritional habits, body satisfaction and weight control practices
were not significantly related to body composition parameters. The observed gender differences in body composition as
well as in physical activity patterns are interpreted in an evolutionary sense.

Ključne riječi
childhood; adolescence; body composition; sports; eating behavior

Hrčak ID: 34083

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/34083

Posjeta: 1.473 *