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Surface Free Energy of Textile

Ana Marija Grancarić ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Textile Technology, ZAgreb, Croatia
Anita Tarbuk ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Textile Technology, ZAgreb, Croatia
Emil Chibowski ; Maria Curie Sklodowska University, Department of Chemistry, Lublin, Poland

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (616 KB) str. 28-39 preuzimanja: 1.127* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Grancarić, A.M., Tarbuk, A. i Chibowski, E. (2008). Slobodna površinska energija tekstila. Tekstil, 57 (1-2), 28-39. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Grancarić, Ana Marija, et al. "Slobodna površinska energija tekstila." Tekstil, vol. 57, br. 1-2, 2008, str. 28-39. Citirano 28.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Grancarić, Ana Marija, Anita Tarbuk i Emil Chibowski. "Slobodna površinska energija tekstila." Tekstil 57, br. 1-2 (2008): 28-39.
Grancarić, A.M., Tarbuk, A., i Chibowski, E. (2008). 'Slobodna površinska energija tekstila', Tekstil, 57(1-2), str. 28-39. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 28.10.2021.)
Grancarić AM, Tarbuk A, Chibowski E. Slobodna površinska energija tekstila. Tekstil [Internet]. 2008 [pristupljeno 28.10.2021.];57(1-2):28-39. Dostupno na:
A.M. Grancarić, A. Tarbuk i E. Chibowski, "Slobodna površinska energija tekstila", Tekstil, vol.57, br. 1-2, str. 28-39, 2008. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 28.10.2021.]

Phenomena on the interfaces in textile wet finishing processes are described: wetting, penetration and adsorption. These phenomena occur in contact of two surfaces - liquid (bath) and solid (textile) whose surface properties determine the intensity of the solid-liquid interaction. These interactions are the result of the surface free energy of textile and the property of treatment bath used for the treatment of the textile surface. The surface free energy of a material (solid) is the sum of energy contributions required by different surface interactions, non-polar Lifshitz van der Waals and polar acid-basic interactions. The mostly used method for determining the surface free energy by direct measuring the contact angle (wetting angle) contains considerable restrictions when it comes to textile, thus a heterogeneous, porous and mostly hydrophilic surface. The method of determining contact angle is used mostly on very smooth, homogeneous, mostly hydrophobic surface, such as polymer foils. The problem of determining surface free energy on heterogeneous, porous materials, which have a poorly defined geometry, such as powder materials, textile, ceramics and the like, was solved by Chibowski, starting from Washburn equation which applies to the measurement of the capillarity of porous materials. This paper describes an approach to the determination of surface free energy and corresponding energy components on the textile. It is based on the experiments of wetting and penetration of several solvents, polar and non-polar ones, on textile samples using the equipment made by Chibowski and Holysz.

Ključne riječi
surface free energy; textile; wetting; contact angle; thin-layer wicking

Hrčak ID: 35482



Posjeta: 1.893 *