hrcak mascot   Srce   HID




Fulltext: croatian, pdf (110 KB) pages 177-189 downloads: 456* cite
APA 6th Edition
Ksenofont (2009). Načini i sredstva. Politička misao, 46 (1), 177-189. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Ksenofont. "Načini i sredstva." Politička misao, vol. 46, no. 1, 2009, pp. 177-189. Accessed 23 Sep. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Ksenofont. "Načini i sredstva." Politička misao 46, no. 1 (2009): 177-189.
Ksenofont (2009). 'Načini i sredstva', Politička misao, 46(1), pp. 177-189. Available at: (Accessed 23 September 2021)
Ksenofont. Načini i sredstva. Politička misao [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2021 September 23];46(1):177-189. Available from:
Ksenofont, "Načini i sredstva", Politička misao, vol.46, no. 1, pp. 177-189, 2009. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 23 September 2021]

Xenophon founds his plan of economic renewal and development of Athens on the recognition of basic interests of the three principal classes of Athenian population, namely citizens, strangers and slaves. The predominant position of the citizens’ class could be upheld only by representation of citizens in the state and by state monopoly with regard to enterprising strangers. In order to give a boost to internal and external trade and fiscal transactions, strangers also had to be guaranteed safety. Thus Xenophon advances an improvement of the strangers’ status, the enactment of special protection of their rights (board for the protection of strangers), and the awarding of special commendations to prominent strangers. Faced with the problem of the citizens’ impoverishment, Xenophon suggests the introduction of tax and the establishment of a special financial fund, which would provide for daily sustenance wages. He also suggests the expansion of the fund into a state-governed joint stock company, which would collect free assets, invest in various forms of capital objects, and the state would lease them to domestic and foreign entrepreneurs and wealthy people. Furthermore, Xenophon proposes that the “capital fund” be used for financing construction of houses and hotels, port- and other facilities for merchants and visitors, building of state-owned merchant ships for rent to private shipowners, and the purchase of slaves, which would also be rented to private entrepreneurs. Special attention is dedicated to the possibilities of improving and expanding the silver-mines in Laurion, which could ensure great income to the state. According to Xenophon, a prerequisite for the realisation of his plan is preservation of peace, for in peacetime large resources can be saved which would otherwise be swallowed by war, risks are reduced, and trust increased. In this way Athens would contribute to the preservation of peace in Greece and enhance its own security. He particularly insists on a close connection between economic development and peace preservation, which is the true foundation of a state’s power.

economy; development; security; power; Athens

Hrčak ID: 41522



Visits: 1.075 *