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Biconditional interpretation of conditional propositions can be explained by the modified information gain model

Darko Lončarić

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (895 KB) str. 19-38 preuzimanja: 652* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Lončarić, D. (2005). Objašnjenje efekta bikondicionalne interpretacije logičkoga kondicionala modificiranim modelom informativnosti. Psihologijske teme, 14. (1.), 19-38. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/4827
MLA 8th Edition
Lončarić, Darko. "Objašnjenje efekta bikondicionalne interpretacije logičkoga kondicionala modificiranim modelom informativnosti." Psihologijske teme, vol. 14., br. 1., 2005, str. 19-38. https://hrcak.srce.hr/4827. Citirano 27.09.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Lončarić, Darko. "Objašnjenje efekta bikondicionalne interpretacije logičkoga kondicionala modificiranim modelom informativnosti." Psihologijske teme 14., br. 1. (2005): 19-38. https://hrcak.srce.hr/4827
Harvard
Lončarić, D. (2005). 'Objašnjenje efekta bikondicionalne interpretacije logičkoga kondicionala modificiranim modelom informativnosti', Psihologijske teme, 14.(1.), str. 19-38. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/4827 (Datum pristupa: 27.09.2021.)
Vancouver
Lončarić D. Objašnjenje efekta bikondicionalne interpretacije logičkoga kondicionala modificiranim modelom informativnosti. Psihologijske teme [Internet]. 2005 [pristupljeno 27.09.2021.];14.(1.):19-38. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/4827
IEEE
D. Lončarić, "Objašnjenje efekta bikondicionalne interpretacije logičkoga kondicionala modificiranim modelom informativnosti", Psihologijske teme, vol.14., br. 1., str. 19-38, 2005. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/4827. [Citirano: 27.09.2021.]

Sažetak
The main goal of this paper is to explain student's answers on the abstract version of the Wason selection task. Former explanations (Oaksford i Chater, 1994) were based on the assumption that "P" and "Q" cards represent rare events. This assumption is not plausible in all forms of the selection task. Modification of the information gain model is proposed in order to model a students’ performance on the task that involves a conditional proposition (If "P" then "Q"). The model modification relies on the assumption that students construct biconditional representation of the conditional proposition. Advantages of the biconditional interpretation assumption and disadvantages of the rare events assumption are outlined. Experimental manipulations of the conditional proposition task (conditional, standard, biconditional) are included in the tasks with rules where "P" and "Q" elements could not be represented as rare events. Expected changes in a students’ performance on the conditional, standard and biconditional tasks are described. University students (N=142) completed a Wason task in order to put the modified information gain model to empirical test. They were presented with different instructions that suggested conditional, standard and biconditional interpretations of conditional propositions. As the interpretation of the conditional proposition changed, students’ performance on the task also changed in the direction that was predicted by the modified information gain model.
Findings are discussed within a broad framework that includes different versions of the Wason
selection task. The need for to design a general reasoning model that would explain a subjects’ performance on all versions of the selection task is pointed out, and some general directions about the formal properties of such a model are suggested.

Ključne riječi
Wason selection task; logic; information gain model; reasoning; decision making

Hrčak ID: 4827

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/4827

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.154 *