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Kierkegaard's Epistemology of Religion. The Relation between Faith and Reason

Aleksandra Golubović ; Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Rijeka, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (209 KB) str. 239-261 preuzimanja: 707* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Golubović, A. (2010). Kierkegaardova epistemologija religije. Odnos vjere i razuma. Obnovljeni Život, 65. (2.), 239-261. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/55499
MLA 8th Edition
Golubović, Aleksandra. "Kierkegaardova epistemologija religije. Odnos vjere i razuma." Obnovljeni Život, vol. 65., br. 2., 2010, str. 239-261. https://hrcak.srce.hr/55499. Citirano 18.05.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Golubović, Aleksandra. "Kierkegaardova epistemologija religije. Odnos vjere i razuma." Obnovljeni Život 65., br. 2. (2010): 239-261. https://hrcak.srce.hr/55499
Harvard
Golubović, A. (2010). 'Kierkegaardova epistemologija religije. Odnos vjere i razuma', Obnovljeni Život, 65.(2.), str. 239-261. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/55499 (Datum pristupa: 18.05.2021.)
Vancouver
Golubović A. Kierkegaardova epistemologija religije. Odnos vjere i razuma. Obnovljeni Život [Internet]. 2010 [pristupljeno 18.05.2021.];65.(2.):239-261. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/55499
IEEE
A. Golubović, "Kierkegaardova epistemologija religije. Odnos vjere i razuma", Obnovljeni Život, vol.65., br. 2., str. 239-261, 2010. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/55499. [Citirano: 18.05.2021.]

Sažetak
The aim of this paper is to probe the relationship between faith and reason in the works of the Danish philosopher, Kierkegaard, by applying the criteria of analytic philosophy. The paper is based mainly, if not exclusively, upon Kierkegaard's Philosphical Fragments, one of his most systematically written works. In light of the aforementioned criteria, we examine the manner in which an individual becomes a believer (i.e. how he comes to experience faith) in that we determine the reasons which were the basis for his decision to opt for faith. We are dealing here with faith which, according to Kierkegaard, is manifested primarily through the passion of existence and is marked by an aspiration to the ultimate self-realization. However, in order that faith be attained to the full, man must decide freely for God. In this respect faith presupposes/requires willing consent. We shall look into Kierkegaard's views on whether and why it is rational to believe in God. In this context we examine the question of Kierkegaard's being a proponent of irrationalism and fideism, as is commonly thought, and we come to the conclusion that he oscillates between the stances that faith is not in opposition to reason, but that it only surpasses reason, and that faith and reason mutually exclude each other. Irrationalism is a philosophical outlook which puts forward the thesis that reason cannot grasp reality to the full (and that reality as such is not grounded in reason). Kierkegaard indeed advanced and defended this thesis. Fideism is a theory which claims that metaphysical and religious truths can only be attained when grounded in faith (and faith is often in total opposition to reason). The fact that Kierkegaard understands faith in terms of passion suggests that, in his view, faith is an irrational attitude. Finally we shall compare Kierkegaard's epistemology of religion with the «reformed epistemology» of Alvin Plantinga so as to demonstrate the contemporariness of Kierkegaard's approach to the above topic.

Ključne riječi
faith; reason; epistemology of religion; religious belief; rationality; Kierkegaard

Hrčak ID: 55499

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/55499

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.779 *