Časopisi po područjima
Oil products demand to decline in Croatia
; grad mech. eng
Puni tekst: pdf (92 KB),
Str. 53 - 58
Puni tekst: pdf (84 KB),
Str. 59 - 64
Majority of big thermal power plants in Croatia, including a number of industrial and public cogenerations, use heavy fuel oil for firing their steam boilers.2 Among them, the most important thermal power plants started their operation thirty or more years ago (TE Sisak, TE Urinj – Rijeka and other) and they are still predominant electricity producers, in addition to hydro plants and the nuclear power plant. Majority of them will stop their operation during the next ten years. They will be replaced with new thermal and cogeneration plants which will mainly use natural gas as a fuel.
At the same time, the two fuel refineries will decrease production of heavy fuel oil after upgrading of processing units, and in the later stage, this production will almost stop or stop entirely. This will happen after completion of the conversion process by which heavy hydrocarbons will be converted into medium (diesel fuel) or light hydrocarbons (gasolines, LPG or refinery gases). Fuel oil consumption for refineries’ own needs will also be replaced with natural gas.
The timing of decreased fuel oil production, or its stopping, should be harmonized with the timing of shutdown of thermal power plants which are the largest consumers of fuel oil, in order to avoid big fuel oil surpluses, or shortages. Also, it will be necessary to ensure supply and transport of natural gas for new power and heat producers. Increased natural gas demand will be met mainly from imports.
It is important to slowdown and eventually stop increase of diesel fuel consumption, the import of which is rather high and costly.
During the last several years the first wind power plants were put into operation in Croatia. As a renewable energy source, they will help in decreasing electricity import, which is now very high. Reconstruction of large hydro plants and construction of new plants will also decrease electricity import.
oil refining; diesel fuel; natural gas
Registracija novih korisnika
Zaboravili ste lozinku?