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Comparison Between Refractometer and Retinoscopy in Determining Refractive Errors in Children – False Doubt

Rajko Pokupec ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, Zagreb, Croatia
Danijela Mrazovac ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, Zagreb, Croatia
Smiljka Popović-Suić ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, Zagreb, Croatia
Višnja Mrazovac ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, Zagreb, Croatia
Rajko Kordić ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, Zagreb, Croatia
Igor Petriček ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (154 KB) str. 205-208 preuzimanja: 1.438* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Pokupec, R., Mrazovac, D., Popović-Suić, S., Mrazovac, V., Kordić, R. i Petriček, I. (2013). Comparison Between Refractometer and Retinoscopy in Determining Refractive Errors in Children – False Doubt. Collegium antropologicum, 37 Supplement 1 (1), 205-208. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/102887
MLA 8th Edition
Pokupec, Rajko, et al. "Comparison Between Refractometer and Retinoscopy in Determining Refractive Errors in Children – False Doubt." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 37 Supplement 1, br. 1, 2013, str. 205-208. https://hrcak.srce.hr/102887. Citirano 03.04.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Pokupec, Rajko, Danijela Mrazovac, Smiljka Popović-Suić, Višnja Mrazovac, Rajko Kordić i Igor Petriček. "Comparison Between Refractometer and Retinoscopy in Determining Refractive Errors in Children – False Doubt." Collegium antropologicum 37 Supplement 1, br. 1 (2013): 205-208. https://hrcak.srce.hr/102887
Harvard
Pokupec, R., et al. (2013). 'Comparison Between Refractometer and Retinoscopy in Determining Refractive Errors in Children – False Doubt', Collegium antropologicum, 37 Supplement 1(1), str. 205-208. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/102887 (Datum pristupa: 03.04.2020.)
Vancouver
Pokupec R, Mrazovac D, Popović-Suić S, Mrazovac V, Kordić R, Petriček I. Comparison Between Refractometer and Retinoscopy in Determining Refractive Errors in Children – False Doubt. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 03.04.2020.];37 Supplement 1(1):205-208. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/102887
IEEE
R. Pokupec, D. Mrazovac, S. Popović-Suić, V. Mrazovac, R. Kordić i I. Petriček, "Comparison Between Refractometer and Retinoscopy in Determining Refractive Errors in Children – False Doubt", Collegium antropologicum, vol.37 Supplement 1, br. 1, str. 205-208, 2013. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/102887. [Citirano: 03.04.2020.]

Sažetak
Early detection of a refractive error and its correction are extremely important for the prevention of amblyopia (poor vision). The golden standard in the detection of refractive errors is retinoscopy – a method where the pupils are dilated in order to exclude accomodation. This results in a more accurate measurement of a refractive error. Automatic computer refractometer is also in use. The study included 30 patients, 15 boys, 15 girls aged 4–16. The first examination was conducted with refractometer on narrow pupils. Retinoscopy, followed by another examination with refractometer was performed on pupils dilated with mydriatic drops administered 3 times. The results obtained with three methods were compared.
They indicate that in narrow pupils the autorefractometer revealed an increased diopter value in nearsightedness (myopia), the »minus overcorrection«, whereas findings obtained with retinoscopy and autorefractometer in mydriasis – cycloplegia, were much more accurate. The results were statistically processed, which confirmed the differences between obtained measurements. These findings are consistent with the results of studies conducted by other authors. Automatic refractometry on narrow pupils has proven to be a method for detection of refractive errors in children. However, the exact value of the refractive error is obtained only in mydriasis – with retinoscopy or an automatic refractometer on dilated pupils.

Ključne riječi
retinoscopy; refractometer; refractive error; children

Hrčak ID: 102887

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/102887

Posjeta: 1.627 *