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Hypertension, Overweight and Obesity in Adolescents: The CRO-KOP Study

Ivan Pećin ; ivanpecin@yahoo.com
Romana Samovojska ; General Hospital »Dr. Tomislav Bardek«, Koprivnica, Croatia
Branko Heinrich ; General Hospital »Dr. Tomislav Bardek«, Koprivnica, Croatia
Tajana Željković-Vrkić ; University of Zagreb, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Department of Internal Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
Mario Laganović ; University of Zagreb, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Department of Internal Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
Bojan Jelaković ; University of Zagreb, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Department of Internal Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 87 Kb

verzije

str. 761-764

preuzimanja: 482

citiraj


Sažetak

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension, overweight and obesity in Croatian ado- lescents. In this cross-sectional survey (the sub-study of the EH-UH study) 375 boys and 381 girls (mean age 15.9 ± 0.5 years) from four high schools in the city of Koprivnica were enrolled. Blood pressure, body height and body weight were measured according to the current ESH/ESC guidelines. Data on life style were obtained from questionnaire. Average blood pressure values were higher in boys than in girls (117/74 mmHg vs. 111/69 mmHg; p < 0.001). Significantly higher blood pressure values were obtained in overweight children compared to those with normal weight (119/76 mmHg vs. 115/72 mmHg; p < 0.01). Prevalence of hypertension was 8.5% in the whole group being significantly higher in boys than in girls (11.2% vs. 5.8%; p = 0.0007). As expected, prevalence of hypertension was significantly higher in obese chil- dren than in those with normal weight (20.0% vs. 6.8%; p = 0.015). A significant correlation was found between body mass index and blood pressure (p = 0.0001). The overall prevalence of obesity was 3.54% (boys 2.2%; girls 4.9%). Our results confirmed positive relationship between overweight, obesity and hypertension starting from childhood pointing again the utmost importance of preventive measures beginning from early life.

Ključne riječi

hypertension; overweight; obesity; adolescents; risk factors

Hrčak ID:

118213

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/118213

Datum izdavanja:

30.9.2013.

Posjeta: 1.220 *