Skoči na glavni sadržaj

Izvorni znanstveni članak

Cadmium, lead, and mercury exposure assessment among Croatian consumers of free-living game

Maja Lazarus orcid id ; Analytical Toxicology and Mineral Metabolism Unit, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Andreja Prevendar Crnić ; Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Veterinary Faculty, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Nina Bilandžić ; Laboratory for Residue Control, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
Josip Kusak ; Department of Biology3, Veterinary Faculty, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Slaven Reljić ; Department of Biology3, Veterinary Faculty, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 737 Kb

str. 281-291

preuzimanja: 1.002



Free-living game can be an important source of dietary cadmium and lead; the question is whether exposure to these two elements is such that it might cause adverse health effects in the consumers. The aim of this study was to estimate dietary exposure to cadmium, lead, and mercury from free-living big game (fallow deer, roe deer, red deer, wild boar, and brown bear), and to mercury from small game (pheasant and hare), hunted in Croatia from 1990 to 2012. The exposure assessment was based on available literature data and our own measurements of metal levels in the tissues of the game, by taking into account different consumption frequencies (four times a year, once a month and once a week). Exposure was expressed as percentage of (provisional) tolerable weekly intake [(P)TWI] values set by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Consumption of game meat (0.002-0.5 % PTWI) and liver (0.005-6 % PTWI) assumed for the general population (four times a year) does not pose a health risk to consumers from the general population, nor does monthly (0.02-6 % PTWI) and weekly (0.1-24 % PTWI) consumption of game meat. However, because of the high percentage of free-living game liver and kidney samples exceeding the legislative limits for cadmium (2-99 %) and lead (1-82 %), people should keep the consumption of certain game species’ offal as low as possible. Children and pregnant and lactating women should avoid eating game offal altogether. Free-living game liver could be an important source of cadmium if consumed on a monthly basis (3-74 % TWI), and if consumed weekly (11-297 % TWI), it could even give rise to toxicological concern.

Ključne riječi

brown bear, deer, hare, liver, meat, pheasant, provisional tolerable weekly intake, toxic metal, wild boar

Hrčak ID:



Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.226 *