Skoči na glavni sadržaj

Izvorni znanstveni članak

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Developing Oral Allergy Syndrome in Adult Patients with Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

Nada Ivičević ; School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Željka Roje ; ENT Department, Split University Hospital Center; Split, Croatia
Zlatko Kljajić ; ENT Department, Split University Hospital Center; Split, Croatia
Lovro Bojić ; Department of Ophthalmology, Split University Hospital Center; Split, Croatia
Goran Kardum ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Lada Omero ; ENT Department, Split University Hospital Center; Split, Croatia
Goran Račić ; ENT Department, Split University Hospital Center; Split, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 253 Kb

str. 25-29

preuzimanja: 696

citiraj


Sažetak

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of oral allergy syndrome (OAS) in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and the possible risk factors for its development. This cross-sectional study was conducted in primary care offices in the Split-Dalmatia County during the period from March 1 to September 30, 2012. Data sources were medical history with confirmation of SAR (positive skin-prick test to seasonal inhalant allergens: grass, tree and weed pollens), anthropometric patient data (age, sex, weight and height), and a questionnaire in which patients evaluated their nasal and ocular symptoms, comorbidities and lifestyle. The χ2-test, Pearson χ2-test, Spearman's rho correlation coefficient and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test were used on statistical analysis. The prevalence of OAS was 45.7%. The risk factors for OAS development were diabetes (p<0.001), severity of nasal symptoms (p<0.05) and severity of ocular symptoms (p<0.001). In conclusion, the prevalence of OAS in the Split-Dalmatia County is very high. The risks factors for OAS in patients with SAR are diabetes and severity of nasal and ocular symptoms.

Ključne riječi

Oral allergy syndrome, risk factors, Rhinitis, allergic, seasonal, Croatia

Hrčak ID:

141581

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/141581

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 1.342 *