hrcak mascot   Srce   HID

Izvorni znanstveni članak

Revenue and conservation implication of South African National Parks' commercialisation

Collins C. Ngwakwe ; Turfl oop Graduate School of Leadership, Faculty of Management & Law, University of Limpopo South Africa, Polokwane, South Africa
Nehemia M. Mokgalong ; School of Molecular & Life Sciences, Faculty of Science & Agriculture, University of Limpopo South Africa, Sovenga, South Africa

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (214 KB) str. 295-310 preuzimanja: 270* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Ngwakwe, C.C. i Mokgalong, N.M. (2016). Revenue and conservation implication of South African National Parks' commercialisation. Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 64 (3), 295-310. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/166883
MLA 8th Edition
Ngwakwe, Collins C. i Nehemia M. Mokgalong. "Revenue and conservation implication of South African National Parks' commercialisation." Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, vol. 64, br. 3, 2016, str. 295-310. https://hrcak.srce.hr/166883. Citirano 10.08.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Ngwakwe, Collins C. i Nehemia M. Mokgalong. "Revenue and conservation implication of South African National Parks' commercialisation." Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal 64, br. 3 (2016): 295-310. https://hrcak.srce.hr/166883
Harvard
Ngwakwe, C.C., i Mokgalong, N.M. (2016). 'Revenue and conservation implication of South African National Parks' commercialisation', Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 64(3), str. 295-310. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/166883 (Datum pristupa: 10.08.2020.)
Vancouver
Ngwakwe CC, Mokgalong NM. Revenue and conservation implication of South African National Parks' commercialisation. Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 10.08.2020.];64(3):295-310. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/166883
IEEE
C.C. Ngwakwe i N.M. Mokgalong, "Revenue and conservation implication of South African National Parks' commercialisation", Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, vol.64, br. 3, str. 295-310, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/166883. [Citirano: 10.08.2020.]

Sažetak
The quest for improved self-revenue generation and reduction of the financial burden on government prompted the adoption of public private partnership (PPP) in the management of South African National Parks (SANParks). Accordingly, this paper examined the revenue and conservation implication of PPP in SANParks. Using a statistical t-test of difference in means, before and within the PPP, results show a significant increase in sales revenue and conservation (with significant increase of rare and threatened species) during the PPP period. Additionally, the PPP has supported poverty alleviation through a strategic use of small, micro and medium enterprises with associated local job creation and concomitant increasing support for dependent local family members. This paper thus offers a practical evidence for conservation managers that public private partnership can enhance revenue and conservation of national parks in a developing country. Ascertaining that PPP could enhance revenue and conservation in a national park should motivate conservation managers to improve PPP strategies for reinforcing future revenue streams and attendant conservation in protected areas.

Ključne riječi
revenue; commercialisation; public-private partnership; conservation; SANParks; threatened species; poverty relief; South Africa

Hrčak ID: 166883

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/166883

Posjeta: 468 *