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Influence of predator abundance and winter mortality on reproduction of bivoltine populations of Ips typographus L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Luka Kasumović orcid id ; Croatian Forests Ltd., Forestry office Perušić
Ake Lindelöw ; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
Boris Hrašovec ; Faculty of Forestry University of Zagreb

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 331 Kb

str. 473-478

preuzimanja: 355



The study was aimed at evaluating the influence of winter mortality and predator larvae abundance on breeding performance of bivoltine populations of Ips. typographus colonizing felled spruce trees in Croatia. A low colonization density of I. typographus expressed as a number of maternal galleries per square meter of bark, usually reflects high reproductive success, defined as a number of daughters per mother beetle (♀/♀). Regarding this study, the mean gallery density on felled trees varied between 27 and 146 per m2 of bark, while the lowest reproduction rate was only 0.5 ♀/♀. Althought differently suggested by previous findings, the cause of such a low reproduction rate can be explained by high abundance of predator larvae and high winter mortality of larvae, pupae and callow beetles. The results suggest that predators, primarily long-legged flies-of the genus Medetera (Fischer von Waldheim) (Diptera: Dolichopodidae), have huge ecological impact on bark beetle populations at endemic levels. At low attack densities, the majority of males (74%) copulate with two females, following the evolutionary trait of avoiding ­intraspecific larval competition.

Ključne riječi

breeding; low attack; gallery; intraspecific; <i>Medetera</i>

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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