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Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.2478/aiht-2019-70-3162

The effects of amiodarone prophylaxis on cardiac dysrhythmia in acute aluminium phosphide poisoning

Mohammad-Reza Beyranvand ; Department of Cardiovascular, Shahid Moddarres Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Soleyman Farrokhi ; Department of Internal Medicine, Loghman Hakim Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Hassan Peyvandi ; Department of General Surgery, Hearing Disorders Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Kambiz Soltaninejad ; Department of Forensic Toxicology, Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran
Shahin Shadnia   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-9401-0781 ; Toxicological Research Center, Center for Excellence in Clinical Toxicology, Department of Clinical Toxicology, Loghman Hakim Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (257 KB) str. 49-53 preuzimanja: 153* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Beyranvand, M., Farrokhi, S., Peyvandi, H., Soltaninejad, K. i Shadnia, S. (2019). The effects of amiodarone prophylaxis on cardiac dysrhythmia in acute aluminium phosphide poisoning. Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 70 (1), 49-53. https://doi.org/10.2478/aiht-2019-70-3162
MLA 8th Edition
Beyranvand, Mohammad-Reza, et al. "The effects of amiodarone prophylaxis on cardiac dysrhythmia in acute aluminium phosphide poisoning." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol. 70, br. 1, 2019, str. 49-53. https://doi.org/10.2478/aiht-2019-70-3162. Citirano 09.12.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Beyranvand, Mohammad-Reza, Soleyman Farrokhi, Hassan Peyvandi, Kambiz Soltaninejad i Shahin Shadnia. "The effects of amiodarone prophylaxis on cardiac dysrhythmia in acute aluminium phosphide poisoning." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju 70, br. 1 (2019): 49-53. https://doi.org/10.2478/aiht-2019-70-3162
Harvard
Beyranvand, M., et al. (2019). 'The effects of amiodarone prophylaxis on cardiac dysrhythmia in acute aluminium phosphide poisoning', Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 70(1), str. 49-53. https://doi.org/10.2478/aiht-2019-70-3162
Vancouver
Beyranvand M, Farrokhi S, Peyvandi H, Soltaninejad K, Shadnia S. The effects of amiodarone prophylaxis on cardiac dysrhythmia in acute aluminium phosphide poisoning. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 09.12.2019.];70(1):49-53. https://doi.org/10.2478/aiht-2019-70-3162
IEEE
M. Beyranvand, S. Farrokhi, H. Peyvandi, K. Soltaninejad i S. Shadnia, "The effects of amiodarone prophylaxis on cardiac dysrhythmia in acute aluminium phosphide poisoning", Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol.70, br. 1, str. 49-53, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.2478/aiht-2019-70-3162

Sažetak
Cardiovascular toxicity is the most common cause of fatality in the first 24 hours of poisoning with aluminium phosphide (AlP). Most often manifesting itself in cardiac dysrhythmias. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of amiodarone prophylaxis against cardiac dysrhythmia in 46 patients with acute AlP poisoning. They were divided in two groups of 23: one receiving amiodarone and the other not (control). The treatment group received amiodarone prophylaxis in the initial intravenous bolus dose of 150 mg, followed by a drip of 1 mg/min for six hours and then of 0.5 mg/min for eighteen hours. Both groups were Holter-monitored for 24 hours since admission. Save for amiodarone, both groups received the same standard treatment. Amiodarone had a significant beneficial effect in reducing the frequency of STsegment elevation and ventricular fibrillation plus atrial fibrillation (P=0.02 and P=0.01, respectively), but the groups did not differ significantly in mortality (9 vs 11 patients, respectively). The mean time between ICU admission and death (survival time) was significantly longer in the treatment group (22 vs 10 h, respectively; P=0.03). Regardless its obvious limitations, our study suggests that even though amiodarone alone did not reduce mortality, it may provide enough time for antioxidant therapy to tip the balance in favour of survival and we therefore advocate its prophylactic use within the first 24 h of AlP poisoning.

Ključne riječi
AlP; antidysrhythmics; atrial fibrillation; ECG; Holter; rice tablet; ST-segment; toxicity; ventricular fibrilation

Hrčak ID: 218050

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/218050

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