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Mediterranean Diet in Pregnancy and its Association with Newborns` Body Size in Dalmatia, Croatia – The Preliminary Results of the Croatian Islands Birth Cohort Study

Matea Zajc Petranović orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-8960-4446 ; Institute for Anthropological Association, Gajeva 32 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Dubravka Havaš Auguštin ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
Natalija Novokmet ; Institute for Anthropological Association, Gajeva 32 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Jelena Šarac ; Institute for Anthropological Association, Gajeva 32 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Ana Perinić Lewis Perinić Lewis ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
Nives Fuchs ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
Noel Cameron Cameron ; Loughborough University, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, UK
Lawrence M. Schell ; University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, USA
Ellen W Demerath ; School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
Deni Karelović ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Split, Split, Croatia
Saša Missoni ; Institute for Anthropological Association, Gajeva 32


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 582 Kb

str. 231-238

preuzimanja: 152

citiraj


Sažetak

A pregnant woman’s nutrition has an impact on her offspring’s birth size. Although health benefits of Mediterranean diet are widely confirmed, the poor compliance with its recommendations has been detected in the population of Dalmatia, coastal region of Croatia. Data from 122 mother–newborn pairs, participants in the ongoing Croatian Islands` Birth Cohort Study (CRIBS), were analyzed: (1) to test whether pregnant women in the study consume Mediterranean diet that is traditional in this area, and (2) to examine the association of maternal diet in pregnancy with newborns` birth weight, length and head circumference. The preliminary results of the factor analysis of 20 items from Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) resulted in two significant factors, both having positive loading with the components of Mediterranean diet. Factor 1 had highest positive loadings for blue fish, white fish, olive oil and fatty cheese consumption consistent with the Mediterranean diet and Factor 2 had highest loading coefficients for fermented milk products (yogurt), sea food, cereals and legumes. Linear regression analyses resulted in model for weight at birth (R2=0.071, p<0.05) which included as predictors living location (island or mainland) and FFQ Factor 2, which was also, in combination with moderate physical activity, predictive for newborns with z-scored weight at birth values above 15% of the lowest values in the logistic regression model. Pregnant women from the CRIBS study mostly follow Mediterranean diet but its association with weight at birth, although found in this research, has to be confirmed on a bigger sample.

Ključne riječi

Croatian Islands Birth Cohort Study (CRIBS), cohort, dietary intake in pregnancy, Mediterranean diet, newborns` anthropometry, Croatia

Hrčak ID:

218701

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/218701

Posjeta: 461 *