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Pregledni rad

https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20190518181024

Developing a Model for Sustainable Conversion of Blockhouse Bunkers in Serbia

Branko Anton-Jožef Turnšek orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-4454-7801 ; Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Aleksandra Medvedeva 14, 18000 Nis, Serbia
Ana Stanojević orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-3199-9913 ; Scholarship Holder of Ministry of Science, Education and Technological Development of Republic of Serbia, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Aleksandra Medvedeva 14, 18000 Nis, Serbia
Ljiljana Jevremović orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-6877-9004 ; Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Aleksandra Medvedeva 14, 18000 Nis, Serbia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 1.964 Kb

str. 1337-1344

preuzimanja: 630

citiraj


Sažetak

Blockhouses represent a type of small-span aboveground bunkers, originally built in England but later also in other parts of the world. These specific forms of military heritage, which were largely built during the WWII in Balkan, are forgotten witnesses of the past. As the old military concepts and doctrines have been abandoned, the strategic interest for the blockhouses has been lost, while the questions about their future arose. While the developed countries are actively engaged in the search for sustainable solutions that consider finding the non-military uses for these military structures, it is still quite a rarity in Serbia. Many blockhouses are located in the areas of outstanding natural values or within the urban zones; so consequently, they do have a potential to be integrated into contemporary urban dynamics. The paper examines reasons and possibilities for the reuse of blockhouse bunkers, taking into account the principles of sustainability and the indicators for adaptability, analysing their spatial, functional transformation through the development of a model for sustainable conversion. In order to check the debated postulates, a design proposal of a blockhouse converted into a single-family house is presented and discussed from the aspect of layout flexibility and development of a modular extension, as a plausible and sustainable scenario.

Ključne riječi

blockhouse; bunker; conversion; Serbia; sustainable model

Hrčak ID:

242341

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/242341

Datum izdavanja:

15.8.2020.

Posjeta: 1.401 *