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https://doi.org/10.32728/ric.2021.71/3

Impact of Technological Innovation, Research and Development on the Defense Economy - Iran Country

Bahman Khanalizadeh orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-6291-978X ; College of Economics and Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Dr. Neda Ranjandish ; College of Economics and Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 701 Kb

str. 59-74

preuzimanja: 208

citiraj


Sažetak

The Purpose. This research is to investigate the relationship between the variables of technological innovation, research and development costs, economic growth, sales and export of weapons and military costs in Iran for the years 2000 to 2017. Design/Methodology/Approach. In this study, we examine using Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) method to explore the estimating the impacts of technological innovation, research and development costs, economic growth, sales and export on military costs.
Findings/Implications. The results of this study showed that the impact of technological innovation and research and development costs on military costs is negative in short-term and long-term. Although the effect that these two variables have on military spending in the short-term is very close, in long-term the effect that research and development costs have on military spending is far greater and more significant. Also, the impact of economic growth on Iran’s defense economy is much less than the variables of technological innovation and research and development costs. So that this effect will be less in long-term. But, the amount of arms sales and exports in the short-term has a positive effect on defense spending, but in long-term it becomes negative and increase in arms sales and exports can
help Iran’s defense economy.
Originality. The countries defense economy can always have positive effects on military and civilian research and development, scientific innovation and technological progress, in this condition that the country’s macroeconomics can spend military spending on research and development and support innovation and inventions. Eventually adopt arrangements that use the innovations of the defense industry in the civilian sector, which will lead to economic growth. This is the experience of many developed countries that have been able to use the technological advances and innovations of the military sector in the civilian sectors as well, and to cause the economic progress and development of their country.

Ključne riječi

Defense Economics, Research and Development, Technological Innovation

Hrčak ID:

259866

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/259866

Posjeta: 571 *