Radni materijali EIZ-a, No. 3, 2021.
Tax Progressivity and Social Welfare with a Continuum of Inequality Views
; Faculty of Economics and Business Zagreb
Ivica Rubil orcid.org/0000-0002-9111-7313 ; The Institute of Economics, Zagreb
Ivica Urban orcid.org/0000-0001-6734-2791 ; Institute of Public Finance
Puni tekst: engleski pdf 1.076 Kb
APA 6th Edition
Ledić, M., Rubil, I. i Urban, I. (2021). Tax Progressivity and Social Welfare with a Continuum of Inequality Views. Radni materijali EIZ-a, (3), 5-40. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/261017
MLA 8th Edition
Ledić, Marko, et al. "Tax Progressivity and Social Welfare with a Continuum of Inequality Views." Radni materijali EIZ-a, vol. , br. 3, 2021, str. 5-40. https://hrcak.srce.hr/261017. Citirano 29.03.2023.
Chicago 17th Edition
Ledić, Marko, Ivica Rubil i Ivica Urban. "Tax Progressivity and Social Welfare with a Continuum of Inequality Views." Radni materijali EIZ-a , br. 3 (2021): 5-40. https://hrcak.srce.hr/261017
Ledić, M., Rubil, I., i Urban, I. (2021). 'Tax Progressivity and Social Welfare with a Continuum of Inequality Views', Radni materijali EIZ-a, (3), str. 5-40. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/261017 (Datum pristupa: 29.03.2023.)
Ledić M, Rubil I, Urban I. Tax Progressivity and Social Welfare with a Continuum of Inequality Views. Radni materijali EIZ-a [Internet]. 2021 [pristupljeno 29.03.2023.];(3):5-40. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/261017
M. Ledić, I. Rubil i I. Urban, "Tax Progressivity and Social Welfare with a Continuum of Inequality Views", Radni materijali EIZ-a, vol., br. 3, str. 5-40, 2021. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/261017. [Citirano: 29.03.2023.]
If public policies should aim at promoting social welfare, then tax progressivity/regressivity should be considered in terms of its impact on social welfare, rather than as an end in itself. Whether a tax is progressive or regressive and how much it affects social welfare depends on how a neutral tax, a tax neither progressive nor regressive, is defined. This, in turn, depends on the inequality view taken, that is, on what kind of transformation of an income distribution is considered not to change the level of inequality. Kakwani and Son (Journal of Economic Inequality, 2021) developed a social welfare-based framework, which enables one to decompose the total welfare loss associated with a tax into elements of which one is the welfare impact of tax progressivity/regressivity. While Kakwani and Son consider only the inequality views known as relative and absolute inequality, we provide a generalisation of the framework to accommodate all intermediate inequality views in the continuum between the two polar views. While the total welfare loss does not depend on inequality view, its composition does: for a progressive (regressive) tax, moving closer to the relative view reduces (increases) the importance of progressivity (regressivity) for the total welfare impact. Thus, the perception of the composition of a given tax-induced welfare loss varies with the inequality view taken. We apply the generalised framework to assess the impact on social welfare of the Croatian tax system, showing that it matters for such an assessment which inequality view is taken.
progressivity, regressivity, neutrality, relative inequality, absolute inequality, intermediate inequality
Posjeta: 464 *