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Fiscal Policies, Inequality, and Poverty in Croatia

Nga Thi Viet Nguyen   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-5975-5964 ; The World Bank
Ivica Rubil   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-9111-7313 ; The Institute of Economics, Zagreb

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (788 KB) str. 3-62 preuzimanja: 54* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Nguyen, N.T.V. i Rubil, I. (2021). Fiscal Policies, Inequality, and Poverty in Croatia. Radni materijali EIZ-a, (4), 3-62. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/263208
MLA 8th Edition
Nguyen, Nga Thi Viet i Ivica Rubil. "Fiscal Policies, Inequality, and Poverty in Croatia." Radni materijali EIZ-a, vol. , br. 4, 2021, str. 3-62. https://hrcak.srce.hr/263208. Citirano 28.11.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Nguyen, Nga Thi Viet i Ivica Rubil. "Fiscal Policies, Inequality, and Poverty in Croatia." Radni materijali EIZ-a , br. 4 (2021): 3-62. https://hrcak.srce.hr/263208
Harvard
Nguyen, N.T.V., i Rubil, I. (2021). 'Fiscal Policies, Inequality, and Poverty in Croatia', Radni materijali EIZ-a, (4), str. 3-62. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/263208 (Datum pristupa: 28.11.2021.)
Vancouver
Nguyen NTV, Rubil I. Fiscal Policies, Inequality, and Poverty in Croatia. Radni materijali EIZ-a [Internet]. 2021 [pristupljeno 28.11.2021.];(4):3-62. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/263208
IEEE
N.T.V. Nguyen i I. Rubil, "Fiscal Policies, Inequality, and Poverty in Croatia", Radni materijali EIZ-a, vol., br. 4, str. 3-62, 2021. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/263208. [Citirano: 28.11.2021.]

Sažetak
In a fiscally expansionary context, policy makers in Croatia must keep in mind the redistributive role of fiscal policies, particularly their impact on inequality and poverty. This paper uses both household survey data and national accounts to estimate how in 2018 the Croatian fiscal system affected income distribution and poverty. Moreover, it assesses the individual and the combined effects of interventions like direct and indirect taxes and social spending. The analysis found that in 2018 the fiscal system helped to reduce inequality but also increased poverty. All fiscal interventions except indirect taxes (VAT and excises) reduced inequality. However, indirect taxes not only widened the income gap between rich and poor but also increased poverty—only direct transfers had poverty reducing effects. Direct taxes (personal income tax [PIT] and property taxes) had no impact on poverty in 2018. A series of reforms introduced between 2018 and 2021 helped reduce poverty slightly, mainly because the VAT on some food items was lowered. However, these reforms pushed up inequality, mostly because PIT reforms reduced the tax burden for those with high incomes.

Ključne riječi
fiscal policy; fiscal incidence; social spending; inequality; poverty; taxes; Croatia

Hrčak ID: 263208

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/263208

Posjeta: 116 *