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Ophthalmologist in Patients’ Eyes

Biljana Andrijević Derk
Nataša Kovač Đapić
Branko Milinković
Valentina Lacmanović Lončar
Vesna Mijić

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 101 Kb

str. 85-89

preuzimanja: 462



It seems that patient's knowledge about ophthalmologist's work is very insufficient, especially about what type of
examination should be undertaken for refraction condition during the »simple« eye check-up and which serious systemic
diseases could be discovered thorough eye examinations. The aim of the study was to determine patients' knowledge
about ophthalmologist examinations during the check-up for refraction condition, knowledge about differences
between ophthalmologists and opticians, main sources of patients' ophthalmologic cognition and the main reasons for
coming to special locations. Patients (311) were examined by applying the questionnaire, immediately before the eye
check-up at three various refraction units. Statistical analysis used Chi-square test and test of significance between
proportions, except for patients’ age where Student t-test was used. Differences were statistically significant at p=0.05.
The findings show that the patients’ knowledge about eye examination during the check-ups for refraction abnormalities
was not satisfactory. Twenty-two percent (22%) of examined patients did not know the differences between ophthalmologists
and opticians and 16 % believed that after computer testing of refraction further ophthalmologic examinations
were not necessary. The main sources of medical cognition were the mass media while twenty percent (20%) of the
participating patients named doctor’s lectures as the source of their cognition. This study revealed that a lot of work
needs to be done to improve patients' education and indirectly for better screening of very serious systemic diseases and
blind threatening diseases which could be discovered during the first visit for spectacle prescription.

Ključne riječi

refraction; patients' knowledge; cognition sources

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