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Gender Differences in Cardiovascular Diseases Risk for Physical Education Teachers

Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković
Zijad Duraković
Lana Ružić
Vladimir Findak

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 84 Kb

str. 251-257

preuzimanja: 468



The aim of the study was to evaluate the level of habitual physical activity in Croatian
physical education (PE) teachers, as well as the existence of some other risk factors
for the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The sample consisted of 191 PE
teachers aged 24 to 59 years (122 men, mean age 42.68.76 and 69 women, mean age
40.38.84; p=0.09). In order to assess the level of habitual physical activity, the teachers
were asked to fill in Baecke's questionnaire. The questionnaire comprises 16 items testing
physical loads at work, during sport activity and during leisure time. The questionnaire
also contains 8 items, each of them representing a certain cardiovascular risk factor. In
comparison to average adult employed population, PE teachers have a significantly higher
level of sport and leisure time activity, which could have a favorable impact on the incidence
of particular risk factors, such as overweight/obesity, systolic hypertension and
blood cholesterol level. This is more obvious in females PE teachers who pay more attention
to the principles of healthy life style: optimal body weight regulation, low fat diet
and higher amount of leisure time physical activity (significantly higher than in male
teachers). Female PE teachers who have maintained their active life style decrease the
risk of CVD, particularly after the age of 55. Although it is necessary to keep in mind all
the limitations of a questionnaire study, this preliminary report leads to the conclusion
that male PE teachers, although physically active at job, have still kept sedentary habits,
often have maintained heavy smoking habits, are slightly overweight, thus minimizing
the positive effects of their demanding workplace. Consequently, average male PE
teachers' risk for CVD development corresponds to the risk of general male population.

Ključne riječi

physical education teachers, physical activity, CV risk factors

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