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Students' Social Behaviour in Relation to their Academic Achievement in Primary and Secondary School: Teacher’s Perspective

Sonja Pečjak orcid id ; Faculty of Arts, Department of Psychology, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Melita Puklek Levpušček ; Faculty of Arts, Department of Psychology, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Milena Valenčič Zuljan ; Faculty of Education, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Jana Kalin ; Faculty of Arts, Department of Pedagogy, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Cirila Peklaj ; Faculty of Arts, Department of Psychology, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 216 Kb

str. 55-74

preuzimanja: 2.992



Social skills include different behaviours which help an individual enter and interact in interpersonal relations. On the other hand, these skills are also learnt through the very same experience. Social skills are an important factor of students' acceptance and popularity among peers and also a factor of their academic achievement. In our research, we tried to establish how primary and secondary school teachers rate their students' social skills; we explored gender differences in evaluated social skills and investigated relations between social skills and students' academic achievement.
907 students participated in the study, of whom 470 were seventh-grade primary school students (231 boys and 239 girls), and 437 third-grade secondary school students (176 boys and 261 girls). Merrell's School Social Behaviour Scales (1992) were used for the assessment of students' social skills and homeroom teachers filled in the questionnaire for each participating student. Results showed that teachers assessed girls as socially more competent on all subscales regardless of their school level. Academic behaviour was the only subscale on which there were significant differences between primary and secondary school students, although girls scored higher again at both levels. Correlations between students’ social behaviours and their academic achievement were higher in boys and higher between socially desired behaviour and academic achievement compared to socially undesired behaviour. In the category of desired behaviour, self-management/compliance and academic behaviour were significant predictors of male and female students' academic achievement. The strongest predictor of students' academic achievement was their academic behaviour.
Further on, we also discuss pedagogical implications of the study.

Ključne riječi

social skills, academic achievement, students, primary and secondary school

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