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Pregledni rad

From Fur Money to Modern Currency: The Kuna

Stan Granic

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 351 Kb

str. 87-109

preuzimanja: 2.270



The marten pelt was originally used in trade before gaining a specific constant monetary value and serving as a monetary medium during early medieval times. During this same period, the marten was adopted for the payment of levies and taxes, and became the name of the very tax being collected (marturina, kunovina). During the 13th and 14th centuries, the marten incuse appeared on silver coins struck by viceroys and kings, and the figure of the marten became an important heraldic, later official state symbol, appearing on parliamentary
documents and other important historical and cultural monuments and artifacts for over eight hundred years. The kuna name and symbol linked different regions of Croatia and spanned at least ten centuries. With the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Croatia moved to reassert its economic and political independence. The redesigned flag incorporating the Slavonian coat of arms (with kuna) and the adoption of the kuna currency were symbolic markers of this goal of national and economic sovereignity.

Ključne riječi

Kuna, Marten, Currency, Money, Croatia

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