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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Alcohol Abuse among University Students from Eastern Croatia: Questionnaire Study

Maja Miškulin
Goranka Petrović
Ivan Miškulin
Dinko Puntarić
Josip Milas
Danielle Dahl
Stjepan Rudan

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 84 Kb

str. 1315-1322

preuzimanja: 629



The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of alcohol abuse among university students in Osijek, Croatia and its possible interconnections with gender, year of study, repetition of year of study, faculty subject area, sources of financing and type of residence during study. A validated questionnaire was self-administered to cross-faculty representative student sample of »J. J. Strossmayer« University of Osijek in June 2006. General demographic data, as well as data on academic features and student socio-economical status were obtained. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) was used for assessing the extent of alcohol consumption, with cut off value of 8 indicating possible alcohol problems. The majority of study participants 90.9% (755/831) had tried alcohol at least once in their life. Among this group, 43.8% (331/755) had an AUDIT total score of 8 or more: 69.2% (229/331) were males and 30.8% (102/331) were females. Among the study participants who screened positive, 70.4% (233/331) responded positively to simple advice focused on the reduction of hazardous drinking (AUDIT 8–15), 14.5% (48/331) needed brief counseling and continued monitoring (AUDIT 16–19), and 15.1% (50/331) clearly warranted further diagnostic evaluation for alcohol dependence (AUDIT 20 and above). Significantly different statistical data was found within the following factors: gender, repetition of year of study, faculty subject area and type of residence (c2=76.232, p=0.0000; Fisher exact test=31.828, p=0.0000; c2=11.667, p= 0.0086 and c2=6.639, p=0.0362 respectively). Alcohol consumption resulting in risk behaviors is common among university students from eastern Croatia. These findings emphasize the need for comprehensive and effective preventative strategies directed towards student population.

Ključne riječi

students, alcohol drinking, risk factors, university, Croatia

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