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Kennings as blends and prisms

Vlatko Broz ; Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 1.150 Kb

str. 165-186

preuzimanja: 2.584



This paper argues that recent advances in cognitive linguistics could shed more
light onto solving a particular historical semantics problem, namely the semantics
of kennings in Beowulf. The well-known figures of speech are very difficult to
understand because of a rather enigmatic way of making reference to people or
things (Brodeur 1960; Wehlau 1997). The first part of the paper aims to define the
kenning as a particular type of compound to set it apart from ordinary compounds.
The second and third parts of the paper apply recent cognitive linguistic approaches
to semantic compositionality, treating kennings as composite expressions
whose meaning is derived from an intricate interaction of metonymy and
metaphor. For the purpose of a semantic analysis of kennings, a few of the best
known examples have been selected. They are analysed first within the framework
of mental space and blending theory (Fauconnier and Turner 1998 and 2002), and
then they are analysed applying the prismatic model (Geeraerts 2002).

Ključne riječi

kenning, compound, blend, prism, prismatic model

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