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A Probable Case of Hand-Schueller-Christian’s Disease in an Egyptian Mummy Revealed by CT and MR Investigation of a Dry Mummy

Mislav Čavka
Anja Petaros
Gordana Ivanac
Lejla Aganović
Ivor Janković
Gert Reiter
Peter Speier
Sonja Nielles-Vallespin
Boris Brkljačić

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 1.740 Kb

str. 281-286

preuzimanja: 515



The challenging mission of paleopathologists is to be capable to diagnose a disease just on the basis of limited information gained by means of one or more paleodiagnostic techniques. In this study a radiologic, anthropologic and paleopathologic analysis of an ancient Egyptian mummy through X-rays, CT and MR was conducted. An Ancient Egyptian mummy (»Mistress of the house«, ArcheologicalMuseum, Zagreb, Croatia) underwent digital radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging employing 3-dimensional ultra-short-echo time (UTE) sequence, that allows to image ancient dry tissue. Morphological observations on the skull and pelvis, the stages of epiphyseal union and dental wear indicated that the remains are those of a young adult male. Multiple osseous lytic lesions were observed throughout the spine as well as on the frontal, parietal, and occipital bone, orbital wall and the sella turcica of the sphenoid. Considering the sex and age of the individual and the features of the lesions, the authors propose the diagnosis of Hand-Schueller-Christian’s disease. This is the first study to have effectively used MR images in the differential diagnosis of a disease. It also confirmed the CT value in revealing central nervous system involvement just by detecting skeletal lesions. Although the mummy was previously dated to 3rd century B.C. based on the properties of the sarcophagi, the sex of the mummy suggests that it was most probably transferred into these sarcophagi in later times. The mummification techniques used and radiometric data (C14) dated it to 900-790. B.C.

Ključne riječi

paleoradiology, paleopathology, MR, CT, mummies, Croatia, ancient Egypt

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