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THE CONTRIBUTION OF STANKO VRAZ TO THE PRACTICE OF COLLECTING OF FOLK POETRY AND ITS STUDY

Andrea Sapunar Knežević ; Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Marijana Togonal ; Visoka škola za odnose s javnošću i studij medija Kairos, Zagreb, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 377 Kb

str. 193-218

preuzimanja: 2.005

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Sažetak

The history of the Croatian literature usually mentions Stanko Vraz in the context of romantic poetry, as the author of the first Croatian romantic poetry collection in the recent Croatian literature. However, his contribution to the development of the Croatian literature is not limited only to the area of artistic poetry. Vraz also paid enormous attention to the gathering of folk treasure, especially to folk songs and melodies. His methods were numerous: by personally gathering the material, by criticizing the methodology of gathering and ordering the published folk songs and by advising his fellow gatherers (Macun, Kukuljević, Kočevar, Erben and others), which is described in the author’s correspondence to many important Croatian and foreign authors (Polish, Russian, German, Slovak, Czech). Although he tirelessly gathered folk treasure from 1833 until 1851 (practically, until the end of his life) and although he managed to collect hundreds of folk songs and melodies, leaving precious accounts of folk life of his time in his letters to his friends, he published only one collection of folk song - Narodne pĕsni ilirske, koje se pĕvaju po Štajerskoj, Krajnskoj, Koruškoj i zapadnoj strani Ugarske (Illyrian Folk Songs sung in Styria, Carniola, Carinthia and the Western Part of Hungary). This collection was published in 1839 in Zagreb and it contains 115 folk songs, exclusively Slovene in origin. In 1843, the third book of Kolo published Narodne pesme Harvatah (The Folk Songs of Croatians). The first part consists of songs Iz Primorja (From the Croatian Littoral), the following are the songs Iz Istrie (From Istria) and the third part contains six songs Iz Austrie i Ugarske (From Austria and Hungary). Vraz was among the first authors who contributed to the introduction of his native Croatian surroundings to the works of the Lower Austrian and Western Hungarian Croats, by publishing their poetry as a constitutive part of the Croatian national poetry. Besides the Croatian and Slovenian poetry, he greatly appreciated the Bulgarian national heritage and considered it extremely valuable but utterly unexplored. In his article entitled Narodne pĕsme bugarske (The folk songs of Bulgaria) published in Kolo in 1847 Vraz attempted to introduce the Croatians to the culture of the fraternal Slavic people. In the fourth and the fifth book of the Kolo, he also started publishing Bulgarian folk songs. In that same article he also brings a short overview of the Bulgarian folk songs which were published up to that point. As far as his contribution to collecting and gathering of the national treasure is concerned, Vraz is considered one of the most important and most deserving folklorists of his time, not only in Croatia and Slovenia, but also in the entire Slavic territory.

Ključne riječi

folk poetry, Enlightment folklorists, Stanko Vraz, gathering and editing folk songs

Hrčak ID:

79376

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/79376

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.854 *