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Democratic changes, political pluralism, and elections in the Brod-Posavina County between 1990 and 1993 (Part 1)

Mario Kevo
Ivan Jelić

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 806 Kb

str. 286-337

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This paper discusses the elections held in 1992 in what is today the Brod- Posavina County (presidential elections and parliamentary elections for the Chamber of Deputies of the Croatian Parliament), and those held in 1993 (for the Chamber of Counties of the Croatian Parliament and the local elections – county, city and municipal elections). All these elections, the parliamentary and presidential elections, the local elections at municipal, city and county level as well as the elections for the Chamber of Counties of the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia had a feature in common. They were all marked by a relatively short election campaign, which lasted around fifteen days, and a relatively good turnout despite the fact that they (especially the parliamentary and the presidential elections) were held under constant air raid warnings and general raid warnings. In addition, the elections were not held in the entire county, as a part of its territory was not under Croatian jurisdiction. As in the first multiparty elections, the 1992/1993 elections also brought landslide victories to the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), i.e. both the presidential candidate and the three candidates elected to the Chamber of Deputies in the election units covered by the municipalities of Nova Gradiška and Slavonski Brod were members of the HDZ. Standing out among the other ‘winners’ in these elections is first and foremost the Croatian Social Liberal Party (HSLS), which thus reinforced its position as the second leading political party in the Brod-Posavina County, and the Croatian Peasant Party (HSS) which achieved remarkably good results in the elections for the municipal counties. Testifying to the upswing of HSS is their absolute victory inseveral municipalities, which enabled them to independently form units of power in the area concerned. Further, according to the number of municipal council seats, HSS became the second most powerful party after HDZ in five municipalities (Donji Andrijevci, Garčin, Klakar, Oriovac and Podcrkavlje), or it was the only party which won any council seats besides the HDZ. HSS’s success becomes all the more important if one acknowledges the fact that the party was only active in the east part of the former municipality of Slavonski Brod. The Union of the Christian Democratic Party (HKDU) an the Croatian People’s Party (HNS) marked poor results, as did the Social Democratic Party (SDP). Namely, SDP only won three seats in the entire county (two seats on the City Council of Slavonski Brod and a single seat in the County Assembly) out of a total of 427 members elected for the county assembly, city and municipal councils. However, with the support of the Croatian Social Liberal Party (HSLS), dr. Zdravko Tomac (SDP) was elected into the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament, and the results were slightly improved in comparison to the results achieved in the parliamentary elections. Therefore, SDP’s performance in the elections can still be qualified as successful to an extent. Most seats in the representative bodies of the local government and self-government, i.e. at all levels of local power, were won by the HDZ, which won a total of 286 seats, accounting for around 67% of all the representatives elected at local level. Therefore, the HDZ formed units of government at county level, in both towns of the county and in 16 out of 21 municipalities. At the same time the mayor of Nova Gradiška, Mr. Ante Šolić in the Okučani municipality was elected Government Commissioner in the Republic of Croatia.
In conclusion we should stress that in all the elections held in the period between 1990 and 1993 HDZ had marked landslide victories. Yet, its victory in the local elections and the elections for the Chamber of Counties of the Parliament held on 7 February 1993 was not so impressive as in the previous elections. The opposition parties entered the race jointly and as such they reaped fairly satisfactory results. Through joint action, they did achieve better results than those of August 1992, however, they were not sufficiently better to allow the opposition to form units of government in any of the more significant locations in the Brod-Posavina County.

Ključne riječi

Republic of Croatia, Brod – Posavina County, Slavonski Brod, Nova Gradiška, democratic changes, political pluralism, political parties, presidential, parliamentary and local (municipal, town and county) elections

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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