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The future of croatia's natural gas supply from the perspective of import infrastructure

Stevo Kolundžić

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 99 Kb

str. 193-199

preuzimanja: 526


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 113 Kb

str. 185-192

preuzimanja: 1.807



After successful realization of the first natural gas import to Croatia back in 1978, three other projects for additional supply were contemplated in the past thirty years, but never realized: import of Algerian gas (negotiations lasted from 1980 to 1988), the first LNG terminal project (1990 - 1995); the second LNG terminal project (activities commenced in 2003). Unfortunaytely, none of them materialized.
Along with these projects, after the year 2000, several international projects were initiated: Nabucco Pipeline, South Stream, Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) with Adriatic Ionic Pipeline (IAP) as a branch line. Each of the above projects, if implemented, could provide additional gas supply to the Croatian gas market. However, the problem is timing. All the above projects have long completion time. On the other hand, Croatia might be confronted with shortage of natural gas after 2014 when the import agreement concluded between INA and ENI expires. In addition, the government must amend the existing energy strategy or design a new strategy. Moreover, in the context of imminent EU membership in July 2013, with significant effects on further opening of the energy market. Such numerous committments and milestones require quick response by the government, action plans and reorganization of energy sector within the Ministry of Economy.
Lessons learnt from the past cast certain doubts on suitability of the existing infrastructure for import of additional volumes of gas for domestic market. The conceptual solution offered by experts from Plinacro d.o.o., Croatian natural gas transport system operator TSO (in the form of regasification vessels and floating LNG terminal), passed without any reaction, even from the relevant ministry. The LNG terminal project on the island of Krk has not been entirely abandoned. Formally, in 2013 the consortium of investors should recnosider the investment and possible continuation of the project. However, in the meantime natural gas market has undergone significant changes: economic crisis caused decline in natural gas consumption in Croatia and elsewhere; the existing LNG terminals in Europe operate with minimum capacity. Planned LNG terminal on the island of Krk was dimensioned to ensure export of two-thirds of its capacity to other European markets. Today, European market has sufficient natural gas supply, fed through new additional infrastructure such as the North Stream. In addition, it remains to be seen whether Europe will see the boost of natural gas exploitation from unconventional reserves as it happened in the United States.

Ključne riječi

Natural gas supply, liquefied natural gas - LNG, unconventional gas reserves, diversification of sources and routs of supply

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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