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On the Concept of (Croatian) National Philosophy in the Work of Albert Bazala

Franjo Zenko

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 1.383 Kb

str. 109-126

preuzimanja: 554



Bazala took the idea of (Croatian) national philosophy from his teacher Franjo Marković, the first secular professor of philosophy at the newly reconstituted Croatian University (1874), who advocate d that the study of philosophy should continue the tradition - not in the sense of ideological orientations but in the sense of historic continuity - started by Croatian philosophers on the Adriatic coast between the fifteenth and the eighteenth century.
Reviving the idea of the Croatian National Revival, following the abolition of Absolutism and restoration of political life in Croatia in the 1860's, Bazala took up and developed the idea of (Croatian) national philosophy and supported it with historical studies of Croatian philosophers. One such study was his habilitation thesis Marulićev moralno-filozofski rad (Marulić's Moral Philosophy, 1904). The idea was further developed in Bazala's main work Povijest filozofije (A History of Philosophy, I-III, 1906-1909-1912), where he also examined the assumptions on which national philosophy rests, that is, the idea of the nation and of national identity as such.
Faithfully consistent in his view of the metalogical roots of philosophy, Bazala did not believe in its benign thaumaturgic origins but rather in its agonal origins in the throes of the life struggle. Philosophy, according to him, was born out of the fateful predicament in which individuals and communities find themselves, entangled in the action of life forces different in kind but homogeneous in terms of their stimulative, volitional, metalogical roots. Philosophy is an attempt to disentangle these entanglements of life forces, and with its primordial intellectual formative effort it belongs to the very roots of life of individuals and national communities. That is why Bazala's idea of national philosophy was a conscious and programmatic decision and an attempt to capture the moment of formation of life energies of the Croatian national community, striving energetically to become a modern nation, conscious that only as such it could survive historically in the neighbourhood of other, strong and quite aggressive at that time, national individualities.
Bazala sought to complete the philosopher's main task and reach his supreme goal: to capture the spirit of the time intellectually, by reaching for its true, metalogical roots.

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