Skoči na glavni sadržaj

Izvorni znanstveni članak


Ivan Padjen orcid id ; Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Rijeci, Rijeka, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 184 Kb

str. 175-211

preuzimanja: 949



The paper reports partial findings of a research project into Croatian ethnonationalism
(Croatian: narodnjaštvo) as a religion (in the sense of a human invention
of the sacred). The practical problems are as follows: ethnonationalism
as a religion, which implies inter alia that an ethnic community (Croatian:
narod) has the potential and/or capability to develop into, and ought to become,
the substratum of a (nation-)state; consequences of ethnonationalism,
which include the unattainability of ethnic democracy, ethnic economy and
ethnic maturity; conditions of Croatian ethnonationalism, primarily the Catholic
Church as a condition in 1961-71, and also before and after the period,
especially since 1990. Theoretical problems, i.e. inadequacies in scholarly
knowledge of the practical problems, include the following: firstly, Croatian
Constitutional Court jurisprudence on ethnic and religious communities; secondly,
systematic history of law and state in Croatia and Yugoslavia 1945-90;
thirdly, transformation of both communism and catholicism into ethnonationalism;
fourthly and fifthly, social structure and representation/agency.
To attain the general goal of the research project, which is the use of reason
in public affairs, the research is carried out within the theoretical and methodological
framework of an integral theory of law and state which includes a
modified Lasswell and McDougal’s policy analysis expanded by historical institutionalism
and critical theory.
The subject-matter are the following features of Catholicism as an institutionalized
religion, especially in Croatia 1961-71: (1) law, i.e. (1.1) sources
of law; (1.2) internal law (organs, members, means); (1.3) external law (relations
with the state and non-Catholics); (2) the Church and economy; (3) the
Church and nation; (4) Catholicism on theory and practice.
The hypotheses (which are ideal-types and as such cannot be either verified
or falsified conclusively) are that ethnonationalism in Croatia is a consequence
of, inter alia, the following beliefs maintained by the Catholic Church
in Croatia in the 1960s and to a significant degree later on: 1. the only acceptable
relationship between the Church and the state is the partnership of two legally
equal public orders over the same subjects within which the Church has
the exclusive power to regulate matrimonial and other family relations, and the power
to control education in public schools; 2. peasant family is the basic
organic human community; 3. the subjects to the ecclesiastical – originally
feudal – power tied in fact to land make the ethnic community (Croatian: narod),
which is united with the clergy into the Christian community (Croatian:
kršćanski narod); 4. since fundamental truths are accessible by theology only,
and practice is an application of theory, practical knowledge, especially on the
appropriate relationship between the Church and the state, is valid only if in
accord with Church teaching.
The evidence presented in the paper supports to a significant degree the hypotheses.
The research findings contribute to the solution of all the theoretical
problems, providing major contributions to the second and the third: the most
probable reason why the Catholic Church in Croatia was rather silent in the
Yugoslav and Croatian Spring 1961-71 and quite vocal since the 1990 is the
Croatian Church’s allegiance in matters of Church and state more to the First
than to the Second Vatican council (which abandoned the Church’s “divine”
right to be co-sovereign with the state, exposing the “right” as a human invention
of the sacred); the Church’s ethnonationalism, which facilitates the political
partnership of the Church and the state and ensures the dominant position of
the clergy within the Church, has coincided with the interest of Yugoslav communists
to retain their might and power by a metamorphosis, with the Church’s
assistance honoured by a concordat, into Croatian ethnonationalists, who, as
newly born capitalists, have appropriated the greater part of the former socialist
property and continue appropriating the greater part of present public goods.

Ključne riječi

Croatia; Catholic Church; Church and state; ethnonationalism; Vatican Councils; Croatian Spring 1961-71; Croatian transition 1990-

Hrčak ID:



Datum izdavanja:


Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.251 *