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Influence of starter culture on total free aminoacids concentration during ripening of Krk cheese

Biljana Radeljević
Nataša Mikulec orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-9981-5626 ; Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Agronomski fakultet, Zavod za mljekarstvo, Svetošimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Hrvatska
Neven Antunac
Zvonimir Prpić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-0827-4594
Mirjana Maletić
Jasmina Havranek


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 1.513 Kb

str. 15-21

preuzimanja: 803

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Puni tekst: engleski pdf 776 Kb

str. 15-21

preuzimanja: 1.023

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Sažetak

The aim of this study was to determine the influence of microbial (commercial starter) culture on concentration of total free amino groups (amino acids) in cheeses in different ripening stages. Free amino groups were determined by reaction with ninhydrin with cadmium (Cd) in the water soluble cheese extract, and were expressed as the concentration of leucine in cheese dry matter. Changes in concentration of total free amino acids during cheese ripening (0th, 30th, 60th, 90th and 120th day) were monitored. In water soluble extracts of cheese, the presence of free NH2 groups in all ripening stages was detected, which means smaller peptides and amino acids, whose concentration significantly (P<0.01) increased during ripening. Cheeses produced with and without microbial culture resulted in statistically significant differences (P<0.01) in content amino acids free on the 90th and 120th day of ripening. Cd - ninhydrin method was found to be suitable for cheese ripening monitoring, as well as for determination of the differences in mature characteristics of cheeses, depending on the production process.

Ključne riječi

ewe cheese from the island of Krk, cheese ripening, total free amino acids, microbial culture

Hrčak ID:

98225

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/98225

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.502 *